The Reefs And Its Effects On The Coral Reefs

1608 Words Dec 18th, 2015 7 Pages
Puerto Rico is built from a volcano. So along the coast of Puerto Rico, there are many coral reefs. This island I chose to look at, is called Desecheo Island or Isla de Desecheo. It 's just of the coast of Puerto Rico. The coral reefs in the island are continental reefs according to geomorphologists( people who study physical features of the Earth’s surface). It is a fringing reef around the coast of the island and a shelf reef beyond that. In the fringing reef, the depth of the reef is mixed between shallow and deep. When it gets near the shelf reef areas, the depth gets deeper. The coastal averages is about 80 degrees fahrenheit with high density. The biodiversity is very high in coral reefs. A coral reef takes about one percent of the ocean, but it has around twentyfive percent marine life. This means a lot to the coral reefs because the more species can lead to better conditions. There are many different kinds of fish that may eat algae, which can protect the coral. Bigger fish or even sharks keep the population of smaller fish in good hands. Some fish can hurt the zooxanthellae. Then there are “cleaners” that eat up dead organisms and keep the reef look nice. Economically, the coral reefs are very good. Fisherman can fish and tourist love to go snorkeling in coral reefs. However, that isn’t always that great for the coral reef itself. Coral reefs provide people with food, medicine, and tons of revenue. Abiotic factors that are necessary for a coral reef are…
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