The Reformation And The Reformation

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The Reformation during the sixteenth century was a period of time that brought immense religious transition and the onset of questioning the traditional Catholic Church. All types of people from different social classes supported the Reformation and backed the idea of modifying the Catholic faith. King Henry VIII of England and Martin Luther of the German states, both adapted their own approach of reforming the Catholic religion, but for radically different reasons. Despite Martin Luther and King Henry VIII both rejecting the Catholic Church and papal authority, Martin Luther mainly focused on his opposition of the Catholic practices, including the corrupt sale of indulgences and the rejection of papal authority, whereas King Henry VIII called for a change of religion, based solely on what was in his own best self-interest, overall attempting to secure an heir to his throne. The Reformation first developed in the German states and Switzerland, then spread farther up into Northern Europe. The Northern countries were more inclined to challenge and speak out against the Catholic Church because of their geographical advantage, as they were located farther away from the Holy Roman Empire, limiting the Pope’s power and authority over them. Countries that were closer in proximity to the Holy Roman Empire and the Catholic Church, were less willing to embrace the ideas of the Reformation because they would directly feel the backlash of the church and the Pope, since they were at such close contact. In terms of social class influence, the Reformation was primarily progressed through those who were socially privileged and educated, as well those who felt controlled or manipulated by their autocratic leaders or national authority. Many guilds, for example, included members who were economically prosperous and intelligent, who supported the Reformation’s ideals from the beginning. Martin Luther was a well-educated, aspiring lawyer studying in Magdeburg. Realizing he did not want to pursue his law career, he entered the Order of the Hermits of Saint Augustine, where he became a monk. He was deeply disturbed by many of the Catholic Church’s practices, including the selling of indulgences and the belief that services and
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