Imagine a society in which the church would be the most powerful without question, people with differing opinions would be criminals, scientific discoveries would not made, analytical questions would not asked, and other cultures would not be embraced. This is what society would compare to if the transformations in Europe had never happened. These four major transformations include of the Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment. The Renaissance accounted for a rebirth in culture after the Middle Ages, when Rome fell, and all education and advancements were at a stalemate. It recalled on Greek and Roman ideas such as creating detailed, perspective art that featured humanistic views. Out of the Renaissance came the Reformation, which was when people started to form new denominations, and turn away from the Catholic Church. This happened as a result of Martin Luther’s 95 Theses that he posted to the doors of the Wittenberg Church Castle. People that went against the church were called protestants, and because of this, the Catholic Church started the Counter-Reformation in order to revive the church. Additionally, during this time, non-religious ideas were encouraged. Then came the Scientific Revolution, in which answers to questions were no longer based off of religion, but with reason and observation. This was when many scientific discoveries were made, and the scientific method was created. Majorly influenced by the Scientific Revolution was the
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During the Early Modern Era, Western Europe expands. The Roman Catholic Church went through many challenges before the Protestant Reformation, which was the beginning of the many ideas that will emerge in Europe, such as the Renaissance ending thus letting science escalate. The Renaissance inspired a load of curiosity in many fields, such as science. Claims and ideas that had been accepted by the world for many of years previous to this point in history were now being challenged and questioned by Scholars, especially since religious leaders challenged and questioned accepted ways of thinking with God and salvation in the church during the Reformation. Collectedly, thus began Scientific Revolution in the 1600’s. The Scientific Revolution was a major part of World History in Europe. It made people question god, science and created new religions. This time period also shaped European
Nyctophobia; the fear of the dark. However, it’s not exactly the fear of darkness itself, but rather, what could be lurking within it. Now, the Dark Ages weren’t actually “dark”, but it was a time of rapid decline in Europe in which historians don’t have much information. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe was thrown into a never ending battle of hardships. From the Black Plague to the loss of beloved heroes and heroines, the country really was left in the dark, until a flicker of hope emerged offering a new beginning: the Renaissance. The Renaissance lasted from the 14th to the 17th century and was an era of “rebirth” in European history. During this period, culture throughout Europe underwent a dramatic reformation where classic
From 1450 to 1750 C.E., the Europeans were beginning to settle in the Western part of Europe in places such as: France, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and many more. Like many other of the surrounding countries and empires, the Europeans began to question many of the hierarchies in Europe at the time such as the Catholic Church by asking “Should we trust their process or attempt to reform?” or even “Should we ignore the intentions of the church and start something completely new that we believe is better for the people?” The development of both the Protestant Reformation and the Age of Enlightenment began to answer these questions and enforce their beliefs in European society. Through the inspiration of the “needed” change of tradition in European society the Protestant Reformation sought to bring back the early versions of Christianity, while the Age of Enlightenment sought to abandon Christianity and move forward. But both the Protestant Reformation and the Age of Enlightenment sought to focus on similar moral tenants such as the belief of individualism and the use of reason to analyze text. Overall, both the Protestant Reformation and the Age of Enlightenment in Europe desired to move away from the selfish, incompetent, and lazy Catholic Church of that time, and either move forward or reform to stabilize European thinking for centuries to come.
The Italian Renaissance had two distinct periods during its lifetime. The first being the “Early Renaissance”, which took place between the late 13th and the early 14th centuries. The second period was known as the “High Renaissance”, which took place during the 15th and 16th centuries. These two periods had very distinct foundations and styles behind the art and architecture of their respective periods. The Early Renaissance revived many old themes which later became the foundations for the High Renaissance. While the High Renaissance strayed from previous traditions and had its own form of art and essentially perfected early themes and styles of art and included more scientific/mathematic components.
There are many different kinds of turning points in history that changed many society. These turning points affected and advanced the lives of many people and the different time period they lived in. The Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution both were major turning points because they both have a huge impact on the advancement of people's life and their knowledge.
The Renaissance period is known for the revival of the classical art and intellect born in ancient Greece and Rome. The Renaissance is also a time that is marked by growth, exploration, and rebirth. The Italian Renaissance started in Florence and progressively made its way into Venice and then into the great city of Rome. During the Renaissance, Rome was home to some of the most renowned works of art and the finest architectural masterpieces in the world - too many that still holds true today. Along with the delicate architecture and grand artistry, Rome was also home to a mixture of people and cultures. It is in this cultural context and through the book A Street Life in Renaissance Rome: A Brief History with Documents, that understanding how men, woman, and specifically Jews and Christians lived in Rome becomes important to better understand this period of renewal.
The styles we call High Renaissance, Baroque style, Scientific Reformation, The Enlightenment Era, and The Romantic Era are all shaped by historical forces, the most significant being the Protestant Reformation’s successful challenge to the spiritual and political power of the Church. Martin Luther, son of a rural coal miner had a mass impact in all these eras but Scientific Reformation was more prominent than the rest. Luther was a German monk and Professor of Theology at the University of Wittenberg. Luther’s studies were put on hold by a political crisis in Augustinians. He found himself agitated due to the corruption and lack of spirituality he saw in Rome. He saw openly corrupt priests who would taunt the rituals of their faith. Luther sparked the Reformation in 1517 by posting his "95 Theses" on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. The 95 theses were a list of statements which expressed Luther's concerns about many Church practices. These ‘Theses’ traveled around Europe. He felt in a manner, that the church was not always right. He did not believe that the Pope was spiritual heir to Saint peter. The Church known now as the Roman Catholic Church was very powerful politically and spiritually in Western Europe. I believed that Martin Luther Help spark the Scientific Era was due to the fact when he mad the 95Theses people began to second guess themselves. People began to have changes in thought & belief.
During the 16th and 18th century such as”,the town of Boston being founded in 1632.” Later, “Roger Williams arrives in what today is Rhode Island, where he is to establish a settlement with twelve "loving friends and neighbors” in 1636.” ( Timeline). All these events added to the idea that the explorers were more important than the scientific revolution and the reformation. Thus, the most important period for me was the explorers because without them we would not have some of the things we have today because they found the New World we use today and without them we would not have had the triangle trade.
At the same as scholars such as Erasmus, Bacon and Galileo emerged, “scholastic theologians arrogantly sat back and issued condemnations,” which greatly hindered the advancement of intellect (Nauert, 431).[x] Clearly established thus far was the recently renewed desire for new knowledge; in response, many new education establishments received great support and ideas began to circulate. In order for the continuing and pursuit of the ever evolving goals of humanists, there needed to be some change that would allow for this. This is one
The Enlightenment emerged out of several other intellectual developments such as the Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution. The Renaissance emphasis on humanism weakened the hold that the Roman Catholic Church had on society. As citizens continued to question the authority of the Roman Catholic Church, a period known as the Reformation began. During the Reformation, Luther began a new church that had very different beliefs than the Catholic Church. As people continued to question old beliefs and continued experimenting specifically with math and science, a new era began known as the Scientific Revolution.
What does Renaissance even mean? Renaissance means rebirth in the dictionary’s. The Renaissance was, a movement which stressed the ideas of the classical world, which was described as ending the medieval era and heralding the start of the modern age. The mid fourteenth century is when the Renaissance was dated back to. The Renaissance ended in the 17th century.
The Middle Ages and Renaissance were two very different periods of time. Throughout the Middle Ages, it was believed that God was the ruler, and almost everything in life was based around religion. Illiteracy was also very widespread, unless one was a religious figure. For example, priests and monks were basically the only literate people during the Middle Ages, and they were the ones that would do all the reading, and writing from the Bible. One of the main reasons for illiteracy was the lack of technology. The only way for copies of books to be made was with handwritten books, which made it hard to get hands on a book, because the quantity was so scarce. Another reason for the illiteracy was that many people were called serfs, which are
Revolution and reformation; these are two words that are often identified with war, disagreement, and regional effects. While these things do indeed come along with a revolution or reformation, they heed an array of positive and secular outcomes as well. In addition, a revolution can, and usually will, cause a reformation. Conversely, a reformation can cause a revolution. This can happen despite the two things involved with the change or disagreement being seemingly unrelated. The world is connected and affected in ways that we cannot comprehend until we look at our world’s history and see how every small occurrence leads to a landslide of repercussions. The Renaissance is a prime example of this interconnectedness, as it was a time of rebirth, revolution and reformation. During the Renaissance, many changes ensued as a result of scientists, scholars and humanists who realized that they weren 't being taught or treated properly. This idea of unsatisfactory treatment as a result of the humanist spirit of the Renaissance led to the Scientific Revolution and The Protestant Reformation, movements that occurred during the Renaissance that changed life in Western Europe, and eventually the whole world, forever.
The Renaissance period is known for the revival of the classical art and intellect born in ancient Greece and Rome. The Renaissance is also a time that is marked by growth, exploration, and rebirth. The Italian Renaissance started in Florence and progressively made its way into Venice and then into the great city of Rome. During the Renaissance, Rome was home to some of the renowned works of art and the finest architectural masterpieces in the world - too many that still holds true today. Along with the delicate architecture and grand artistry, Rome was also home to a mixture of people and cultures. It is in this cultural context that understanding how men, woman, and specifically Jews and Christians lived in Rome, becomes important to
Sadly all this good change had to end and with it went the renaissance. As a result of the renaissance, people wanted answers to religious questions, and so came the reformation. The reformation was a divide in the Catholic Church and protestant groups. The main reason for this split was Christian humanism, whose followers said that the church and society needed changing and to do this you must change the individual. One of the main believers of Christian humanism was Erasmus who criticized the church and the popes for acting like politicians. Erasmus stressed the simplicity of living a simple life and sought to reform the church but not to completely leave it.