The Role of Commander in Chief as Exemplified by Washington and Jackson
The position of President of the United States was created through the ratification of the United States Constitution. One of the many roles assigned to the President was that of Commander in Chief. To date, that role has been held by 45 different presidents. Two of the earliest presidents exemplified the role of being Commander in Chief of a national military by personally leading a United States militia to combat a rebellion and by using military intimidation to quell rebellions. Both George Washington and Andrew Jackson exemplified the role of Commander in Chief when they faced the issue of rebellion at different times in American history. George Washington quelled a rebellion of farmers in Pittsburgh who were protesting the “Whiskey Tax” by physically leading an armed militia into the city. Andrew Jackson, on the other hand, threatened South Carolina with military force by passing the Force Bill following South Carolina’s resistance to federal taxes.
Following the ratification of the Articles of Confederation in March of 1781, the Constitution of the United States was placed in effect on March 4th, 1789 (“Nat'l Constitution Center”). The Constitution was created as a replacement for the Articles of Confederation with multiple purposes in mind. One of the purposes of the Constitution was to create a national government, consisting of three branches, along with a system of checks and balances to
Once approved by every State the U.S. Constitution was put in effect in 1789. The U.S. Constitution brought the President, Supreme Court and Congress into play. It states the powers held by each office and lays out how each position should be picked. The U.S Constitution also states the rights of every U.S citizen.
The Articles of Confederation, Adopted by Congress on November 15, 1777, for all practical purposes was the United States’ first Constitution. Created to establish a bond between the newly formed states, “...the Articles purposely established a "constitution" that vested the largest share of power to the individual states” (Early America). This ensured that the government did not have the majority of power. “...the Articles denied Congress the power to collect taxes, regulate interstate commerce and enforce laws...allowing the states retained their "sovereignty, freedom and independence” (Early
The Constitution has been operative since 1789 after the ratification of nine states (American Vision and Values, Page 52). Today many question the relevancy of a document 222 years old to our society. The Founders created a governmental framework, defining three branches and giving powers to the government and others to the states. It also guarantees the rights of the people. It took two and one-half years for the 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution. This ratification period was one of great debate and produced a series of essays complied into The Federalist. Authored by John Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay during the ratification debate in New York, they tried to get public support for the Constitution. Thus began the first
The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787, yet there was a struggle to ratify it that went on until 1790. This Constitution was created in order to replace the Articles of Confederation, because many people agreed that the articles were not right in keeping the United States in order. The Constitution is made of many rules that have helped the country to stay in order, but on the other hand some of these rules have
Andrew Jackson was a soldier, a lawyer, a husband, an orphan, and in his most famous status, the 7th President of the United States. Andrew Jackson was loved by the people, and hated by his political rivals. He pushed the limits of his power as the president, and at the same time restricted it, as to not overstep his place as the voice of the people. Through his terms as president he used his power to protect the rights of the people and to ensure that the United States would prosper. In the following paragraphs his contributions are highlighted and will show just what he did for America and its prosperity.
The creation of the US constitution was prompted my many different things going on. What established America’s national government and fundamental laws is the U.S constitution. It also guarantees basic rights for its citizens. The U.S constitution was signed on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pa. The first document before the U.S constitution was the Articles of Confederation, with that the government wasn’t very strong and the states didn’t act like they do today. In 1787, at the 1787 convention, delegates made a decision to make a stronger federal government that consisted of the executive, legislative, and the judicial branches. That wasn’t it either, it also had a system of checks and balances because they did not want one branch to be able to overpower another branch. The ten amendments of the Bill of Rights guarantees protections for people like religion and freedom of speech. In total, there are twenty-seven constitutional amendments.
The following year the Constitution was composed on September 17, 1787. The idea of the constitution was seen as ownership papers for citizens. The constitution provided the “checks-and-balances” idea which limited powers between the three branches created: Congress, Supreme Court, and Executive. As well as provided a “Bill of Rights”, which James Madison promised to the people in order to get the Constitution ratified. The executive branch lead to the position of a President and for the President to make appointments and treaties.
Created on November 15, 1777 and ratified by the first 13 colonies on March 1, 1781, the articles of confederation is known for being the first constitution of the united states. “The constitution provides a division of powers, meaning it assigns certain powers to the national government and reserves others for the states.” (crouse, slide 4) The constitution is needed because if we didn't have it the government would be weak and would most likely have no power. Framers of the constitution chose a system of government on a territorial basis, between a central government and several states. “ the framers were worried about the government being too powerful because; government power inevitably poses a threat to individual liberty. Therefore the
“In November 1777 the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the United States first written constitution.”(Ginsberg, et. al. 2014: 35). The Articles of Confederation played a big role in the drafting of the United States’ new constitution. The articles were our United States’ first written governing document. The Articles of Confederation solved some problems by creating at least a minimal amount of government at the time, but it also created some problem for our country because we did not have enough government. As time went on, the Founding Fathers found the issues with the Articles of Confederation, sought ways to solve those issues, and created the Constitution as a lasting governing document.
Andrew Jackson’s effectiveness as a leader was second to none. He was able to give commands and have them followed precisely with no delay. There was no other commander who could command
During the American Revolution, the founding fathers wrote the Articles Confederation, a written set of laws that intended to provide a framework for government. The Articles of Confederation failed to create an effective form of government and could not promote stability for the nation. In 1787, 55 delegates met in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. The result was an entirely new document, the United States Constitution. The United States Constitution addressed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, promote unity through compromise, and established a framework for government that effectively promotes the ideals of American Government.
Andrew used the Chief Executive power while he was the President of the United States. The Chief Executive power give the President the power to remove any member of the Government. He took the role of the Chief Executive power when he removed his cabinet members from office. “Whom the opposition later called the Kitchen Cabinet” (Angrist, 115). They called it the Kitchen Cabinet because in 1831, Andrew Jackson removed his Cabinet members and he used these so-called Kitchen Cabinet members for advice because he saw the advice of the regular Cabinet member’s insufficient advice for a President so he did not use them for advice he mostly used his Kitchen Cabinet. This shows that he took the role of the Chief Executive because Chief Executive Power gives the president the power to remove people from the government jobs.
In the hot, humid summer of 1787 state delegates met for the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia and drafted a new frame of government for the United States: the United States Constitution. A new federal system of government was set forth which distributed powers between the state and federal government and created three branches of government as checks and balances for each other. The new Constitution also gave the new government the power to both tax and regulate commerce.
Andrew Jackson is considered by many to be the first modern president that we have today. He considered the presidency as not just someone who just presides over everything but as one who’s job it is to represent the citizens that lived there. He believed that the presidency was much like being a congressman but instead of just looking out for in the interests of your district, he had to make decisions that would affect the entire country. This would lead him to veto many bills that he considered detrimental to the United States
Initially, the Articles of Confederation was the first form of written constitution the United States had established. However, the Articles of Confederation had many flaws, one of the major flaws was it was establishing a weak government. Therefore, many important delegates through a committee decided to construct a new form of law that will inculcate a strong government. The result was the ratification of the Constitution (1788); the supreme law of the land. The constitution is broken down in three branches the legislative, executive, and the judicial branch all for the purpose for tyranny doesn’t surpass. Likewise, the constitution is constructs first with the preamble starting with the famous words” We the People of the United States,”