The Role Of Government In John Locke's Of Civil Government

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As demonstrated in excerpts of John Locke’s Of Civil Government, the reason men needs government is for the assurance to their rights to life and property, which are otherwise not guaranteed. Based upon the needs of men, such a government will be structured to contain a legislative body, a judicial system, and an executive authority. As noted within an editorial by Fareed Zakaria entitled “Stop being afraid of more government. It’s exactly what we need”, the size of government will shift to address temporal issues which address the nation. However, the basic structure of government will remain the same. The position of government as a legislative, judicial, and executive authority allows it to address the needs of men, who require government to guarantee them their rights and freedoms.
Men need government not because they desire to be subject to the authority of a governing body; instead they subject themselves to government because living under a government is preferable to living without one. Man’s experience without government is referred to by Locke as the ‘state of nature’. In such a state, man is intrinsically free, as Locke describes, “absolute lord of his own persons and possessions” (1689). With no governance, he possesses total authority over himself and his actions, accountable to no one and no institution. Despite such perceived freedoms, Locke describes man’s existence without government as “is full of fears and continual dangers” (year). Without government,
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