The Roots Of Patient Safety Essay

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The roots of patient safety may be traced back to the 19th century. Florence Nightingale an English nurse linked poor living conditions with the high death rates of soldiers. Ignaz Semmelwies an obstetrician noticed the importance of hand washing in medical care. Patient safety in the United States came to the forefront in the 1990s and since has developed into a new health care discipline focusing on preventing adverse health care events.

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and other academic research paved the way in brining light to the issue of patient safety in the U.S. One of the first pushes for patient safety was with the introduction of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) then called the Computerized Patient Record (CPR) in a report The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care published in 1991 by IOM. The report outlines the “quality, safety, and efficiency” the EHR will bring to physicians.

One of the most significant IOM reports revealing the importance of patient safety came in 1999 with the publication of To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System by the Committee on Quality of Health Care in America. The astounding findings of this report propelled patient safety to the forefront of the health care agenda. The IOM report revealed, “tens of thousands of Americans die each year as a result of preventable mistakes in their care, the report lays out a comprehensive strategy by which government, health care providers,
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