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The Significance of Each Epoch in Jewish History Essay examples

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Judaism Reading Guide 1 Invitation to Religions

Terms are should know: Bar/Bat Mitzvah, Baal Shem Tov, Covenant, Diaspora, Election, Ethical monotheism, Exodus, Hasidism, Holocaust/Shoah, Kabbalah, Moses, Messiah, Maimonides, Pesach/Passover, Rosh Hashanah, synagogue, Tanakh, YHWH, Yom Kippur, Zionism.

Note the significance each epoch of Jewish history had on the formation of the Jewish people’s identity and religion.

Biblical Period: Exodus, Davidic Kingdom, Judah & Israel, Exile:
Exodus was really the foundation of Judaism; it was the reason the Israelites settled in Israel. Exodus gave the Jews hope that God would take care of them. It marked the time when the Israelites were delivered from bondage as slaves in Egypt. Exodus
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Those who could not afford to leave or were in poverty stayed behind while others packed away and went to Babylon.
Rabbis are spiritual leaders to the Jewish community, much like priests are for Catholics. They are viewed as educators, role models, counselors, and spiritual leaders to the Jewish people.
Talmud is the oral tradition that reflects the Torah (the 5 books of Moses), consisting of Gemara and Mishna.
Jewish-Christian Conflict varies. There are many stereotypes between both religions, especially intermarriage and so forth. Most tensions are still associated with the Holocaust-many Jews believe that the pope could have done more to stop the genocide.

Age of Philosophy and Mysticism: Karaites, Islam, Maimondes, Kabbalah, Hasidism
Karaites were a group of people in a Jewish movement recognizing the Torah as the supreme religious law. They do not accept the Talmud as part of their practice.
Isalm literally means to surrender oneself to God. Those who are Islamic are Muslim. It is the religion evoked by the Prophet Mohammad.
Maimondes has been regarded to be one of the greatest philosophers of the Middle Ages.
Kabbalah is often identified as mysticism or ancient knowledge. Kabbalah deals with all aspects of God, nature, and the soul; it is concerned with life’s deepest secrets. It is the advanced study of Judaism and its texts.
Hasidism promotes spirituality through Jewish mysticism.

Modern Period—Moses Mendelssohn, Reform Movements, Reform
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