The Social And Environmental Impacts Caused By Vertical Integration Of The Export Banana Trade

1916 Words Apr 9th, 2015 8 Pages
The social and Environmental Impacts caused by Vertical Integration of the Export Banana Trade in Honduras

Incredibly, bananas did not become commonplace in the United States until the mid-nineteenth century. Many Latin American countries exported bananas to America, but Honduras was the banana exporter of the world through 1970. The popularity of bananas rose correspondingly with the monopolization of banana production in Honduras. Although, the vertical integration of banana production in Honduras was not the foundation of exportation, the gradual transition from small-scale banana farmers into geographically separated monopolies expedited the overwhelming societal and environmental shifts seen by Hondurans since the late 1800’s.
Before companies like United Fruit Company got a foothold in Honduras, agriculture consisted of small-scale monocultures and polycultures, and immense plantings of bananas was rare and disjointed. However the election of President Soto in 1876 changed how the Honduran government viewed their countryside. President Soto believed that it was prudent to transform nature into wealth. He expressed a utilitarian mindset and believed Honduras should, “… take advantage of what Nature has abundantly provided us,” and importantly distinguishes that this transformation is important, “… so all Hondurans may enjoy the benefits of universal progress.” Unfortunately, many Hondurans lost their homes and way of life in response to “universal progress”.…
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