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The Social Policy Welfare Programs

Decent Essays
In Double Standard, James Russell discusses and compares the social policy welfare programs in the United States and Europe and how each country approaches the issue. In particularly, Russell explains how poverty is measured, poverty reduction, and the politics of poverty reduction. Research shows that poverty has been a social problem for over five decades in America. During the 1960’s, the issue of poverty was first identified as a social problem and countless efforts have been made to eradicate poverty in the United States. In 1964, the Kennedy-Johnson administration declared a “War on Poverty” after the publication of Michael Harrington’s book, The Other America (1962). His book exposed how the other half lived in American society and became influential in beginning the process of addressing poverty. Harrington’s views on poverty prompted government officials to initiate several social policies that resulted in a significant decline in poverty rates across America during the late 1960’s and throughout the 1970’s and beyond.

During my research on the topic of poverty in the United States, it was necessary to get an idea of how the word is defined and how the meaning has changed over the years. Several sources included in their definition words such as material deprivation, low-income, scarcity, hardship, poor, or destitute as part of their definition. For the purpose of this paper, I will use the official definition that was provided by the federal government in
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