The Soil Degradation Of Nigeria

1562 Words Nov 27th, 2016 7 Pages
Soil Degradation in Nigeria
Introduction
Nigeria is a country in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Nigeria is in the tropical zone of Africa (between latitude 4 and 14 degrees N, and longitude 2 and 14 degrees E), with a vast area of savanna vegetation in the northern part. The climate is damp, very humid and highly influenced by the combined effects of the ocean, desert, humidity, temperature, and mainly the variation that exist in the amount of rainfall in each region. This alone forms a major influence on the type of vegetation found in various regions in the country. The activities of human such as farming, mining, deforestation, and including other natural factors is said to be the cause of land degradation, which is also seen as a decline in land or soil quality of the country, Nigeria.

However, some regions in the country are now undesirable for agricultural practices leading shortage of food supply and economic implications, such as low-income. In this article, I will be discussing the following:
1. Agro-ecological zones
2. Soil and water (rainfall)
3. Causes of Soil Degradation
4. Effects of Soil Degradation in Nigeria
5. Solutions of Soil Degradation

Agro-Ecological Zones
There is mountainous vegetation in the plateau regions of Nigeria. Before soil depreciation or degradation that is at an increase today in the country, I will like to discourse the different agro-ecological zones in Nigeria.…
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