The Theoretical And Methodological Perspectives Of Radicals Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

1162 WordsNov 17, 20155 Pages
In the comparison of the theoretical and methodological perspectives of radicals Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, with the more liberal teachings of Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, there must be an understanding that essentially they were all intellects of the period of the Enlightenment. The philosophical basis of the Enlightenment was that human beings are substantially perfectible. This meant that human beings could be taught things and that there was never an end to the capacity of what could be achieved by a human being. Furthermore, what caused such delays in their intellectual progress were the inequalities of society, which were a consequence that was leftover from the feudal emphasis of faith and tradition. The principles incorporated stated that in order to facilitate this intellectual progress, that the significance must be placed and supported by science and reason. Marx took much of his philosophies from the period of the Enlightenment, which brought together the application of logic, theoretical observation and science too create an enhanced society. Marx wanted to incorporate the theory and the science together so that he would not only understand the world, but also make some changes to it (Edles, Applerouth, 2010, p.20). Marx saw human beings as part of the world whose identities’ and proficiencies were determined by their collaboration with other human beings. Marx also stated that we are a product of our society and that there is no such thing as an
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