The Theories And Theories Of Crime

1625 Words Sep 7th, 2015 7 Pages

It is largely accepted that a comprehensive theory of sexual offending is likely to be multifactorial in nature and not one single origin or cause. The theory should take into account how developmental experiences, social and cultural learning, and biological mechanisms combine to create offending vulnerabilities. Causal factors such as: deviant sexual preferences, empathy deficits, intimacy problems, emotional disregulation and distorted beliefs or values usually all contribute and should be taken into consideration when analysing the offender. This paper seeks to highlight two of the possible theories of crime relating to the aetiology in case of Alfred. The two theories of crime which this paper will critically analyse and which are highly relevant to the case of Alfred both fall under the category of psychological theories, they are: cognitive theory and personality theory

Cognitive theories:

Cognitive theories seek to explain the offender and the way in which their thought process affects their behaviour in relation to offending. Many studies suggest that when an individual commits a deviant sexual act they will try and often diminish feelings of shame and guilt by justifying their behaviour in a way which normalises their actions and behaviours (Azizian, Hutton, Hughes, & Sreenivasan, 2015). These excuses, rationalisations and justifications are commonly referred to thinking errors or cognitive distortions. Thinking errors in relation to sexual assault…

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