The Therapy : Self Empowerment

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In terms of strengths, the therapy emphasises self-empowerment in that the client is given responsibility for his/her own therapeutic outcomes and progress (Casemore, 2011). However, this can also be a limitation of the approach if too much power and responsibility is placed on the client such that they feel burdened or the role of the therapist is overlooked. Another strength is that the client-therapist relationship and its importance as substantiated by research has provided a basis for many other therapies (Seligman, 2006). Further, the approach promotes an active attitude toward life and personal growth through self-awareness, especially of ones emotions, thereby increasing one’s self-understanding (Rogers, 1986; Thorne, 2007).
Sigmund Freud proposed that an individual’s unconscious thoughts originate from their childhood experiences and affect their current behaviours and thoughts. This theory challenged the psychological thought of the time which ignored the influence of one’s unconscious on their current life and behaviour (Bargh & Morsella, 2008). Freud (1925) viewed behaviour as motivated by internal psychological forces, and that abnormality was the result of intrapsychic conflict between these internal forces (Hewstone, Fincham & Foster, 2005). He claimed that neurosis arises from unresolved or repressed unconscious conflicts such as past events and emotions that usually occur in early childhood (Nongard, 2014; Weiten, 2010). It was from these beliefs that

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