The Three Major Theoretical Perspectives Of Sociology

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Three Major Theoretical Perspectives of Sociology Introduction: Theoretical perspective is the basic assumptions about how society functions, the role of sociology, and the application of specific set theories in studying social life. Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society. Several sociologists, including Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, contributed to these extensive, diverse theories. Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively. There are three major theoretical perspectives of…show more content…
The symbols a society uses help us understand the people in that society. Symbols help us define a situation and determine what we should do about it. Talcott Parsons: Parsons was interested in creating grand theories that attempted to explain every aspect of the human experience and how social systems interconnect. Society was much like a bicycle wheel, made up of independent spokes connected to a hub that keeps the wheel spinning. Herbert Blumer: Established three basic premises that define the symbolic interactionism perspective: 1) Human beings behave toward things on the basis of the meanings they ascribe to those things. 2) The meaning of such things is derived from, or arises out of the social interaction that one has with others and society. 3) These meanings are handled in and modified through an interpretive process used by the person in dealing with the things he or she encounters. Parsons also commented on the inertia of social systems, meaning that they tend to remain at rest, if they are at rest, or stay in motion, if already in motion. Thus, in order to change a society, some great force must impact the system or it will remain
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