1. Why is the 15th century called the transformational century and what historical sources and tools can be used to verify this description! Please discuss fully.
While the 15th century had an abundance of things that collectively caused it to be called the transformational century, such as the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the rise of the Byzantine Empire, and the use of guns to fight battles, I believe that the printing press makes a strong statement about the change in society. The reason the printing press stands out is it was a major change to how information was exchanged. Prior to the invention of the printing press, it’s estimated that only about 10% men/1% women were literate (Willis, 2015). However, in 1674 literacy rates were 60% for men and 30% for women (Harvard, n.d.). This increase in literacy rates greatly aided the Renaissance age by allowing information to be spread much more rapidly than previously possible. Just as the printing press encouraged the renaissance age, the renaissance age encouraged the use of the printing press. This can be seen by the rapid increase in the number of towns that had printing presses in use, around 236 towns had their own print shops (Maxfield, 2009). This also caused ideologies to spread much faster than, exposing people to previously unknown ways. Which in turn allowed people to develop their own new ideas. This increased desire for knowledge is the heart why the 15th century is called the transformational century. There
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The ways the printing press preserved the past was by revolutionizing the spread of knowledge in Europe both new and old. Gutenberg's printing press made books cheaper, more available and allowed it to expand to other countries, “They turned out more than 10 million copies of books in Latin and other European languages. Books became cheaper in price and available to anyone who could reach them”(Gutenberg, 2009). The printing press allowed the European people to preserve the original subjects, beliefs, and studies which had valid information. The expansion of the printing press was so big it reached places like Italy, Hungary, and the Holy Roman Empire.
By the sixteenth century, the trials of the medieval world had faded. Western Europe was in the middle of what is deemed the Renaissance, a time of philosophical and theological regeneration. The invention of the printing press in 1450 by Johann Gutenburg allowed knowledge to be spread and read quickly and easily. Literacy rates increased, and soon after, many began to question the Roman Catholic church’s positions and stances on theology. The first to question was Desiderius Erasmus, who wished
The Revolution of 1800 concluded with Thomas Jefferson elected as the third president of the United States and the political power passed from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans.
In this essay, I will outline the details and advancements of the Reformation and Exploration, along with my view on which was the most important consequence of the printing press. Document A shows two maps of Europe. One of the maps shows how many printing presses there were and where they were located in 1471. The second map also shows how many and where printing presses were, but during 1500. The first map has very few dots indicating that during
The Printing Press is known as one of the most influential event of the Renaissance. The printing press is an apparatus that applies pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), which then transfers the ink to the paper. This machine was generally used for texts(words and writing). The development of the Renaissance by the Printing press had a significant impact in that it allowed to easily keep records, develop better education, and efficiently mass produce things.
Rayne, I agree with you that the fourteen century was the century of adversity and change. The main events during this period were the long war between France and England, the decline of the Catholic Church, and the general need for survival against terrible black plague that hit a large part of Europe. The food shortages caused an unprecedented crisis in which many people literally starved to death. The epidemic of black plague eradicated more than fifty percent of the population of Europe, leaving a depopulation that greatly affected the economy of the time. Moreover, the decline of the Catholic Church increased with events such as the Papacy of Avignon and the Great Schism. The existing feudal society suffered a harsh change. The new changes
Between 1820 and 1933 these people saw a surge in reform movements in the United States. This period of reform was ignited by the Second Great Awakening, this was a religious revival that occurred during the early 1800s. Individuals were inspired by the Second Great Awakening and they wished to improve society, this lead to the set up of reform movements. The movement to abolish slavery was lead by Lloyd Garrison, he was a radical abolitionist (impatient with the “gradualist” attempts at negotiation preferred by anti slavery reformers). This movement would ultimately conclude the union’s victory in the Civil War.
Dyson begins to address the pessimistic doubts with historical examples. In the fourteenth century the new technology of printing transformed the face of Europe. Among people throughout Europe books and education was spread. Printing paved the way for the Protestant Reformation in Northern Europe. That was made possible by the printing of the Bible.
The printing press helped a lot through the renaissance time and even after that. Gutenberg helped spread the word of Martin Luther and his ideas and the knowledge of the world
There have been thousands of inventions created that have impacted the world greatly. Some historians might argue that the most important invention from the second millennium is the Gutenberg Printing Press, which was completed in 1450. The Gutenberg Printing Press was created by Johannes Gutenberg, a German inventor. Johannes Gutenberg created many inventions, but the invention of the printing press is the most impacting one. The Gutenberg Printing molded the modern world by allowing societal, religious, and intellectual works to be distributed and read at a rate never seen before.
The argument for the use of the term “Renaissance” is made by defining the “Renaissance” as a global expansion of the western world as a whole. Jerry Brotton uses many different portraits and literature, to make the assumption that the “Renaissance” was much bigger than just Western Europe. The difference in this argument are the advancements in technology and ideals in Western Europe that changed the world. The most significant invention for communication perhaps of all of time would be the printing press. The printing press came about in 1450s, due to the collaboration of Johann Fust, Johann Gutenburg, and Peter Schöffer. The printing press was revolutionary at this time sparking literacy and giving people a voice. Brotton mentions how by
The first printing press, created in Italy in 1465, set off a revolution of learning. As the printing presses churned/printed out more and more books, people began to be more literate. The books showed people a whole new world to explore. Though the Reformation changed the culture and religion of those in Europe, the printing press also set off the Exploration, a much more worldwide event, because it increased trade and land-claiming, created more accurate maps, and spread curiosity and knowledge around the world.
Because are so many different kinds of revolutions with their own theoretical frameworks, I will analyze the merits of Marxism as it unfolds in the various authors. Because the writers speak of a particular time and place, all examinations will limit itself to the Europe in the lifetimes of the authors, drawing from V for Vendetta and modernity mostly as counterexamples. Therefore, this paper will focus on Marxist revolutions in mid-19th century to early 20th century Europe.
The 14th, 15th and part of 16th century was a glorious time for Europe, it was the reformation of many old ideas and the formation of many new, this was called the Renaissance. The Renaissance brought many changes to Europe, the economy was greatly boosted by of all the new explorations. The flourishing economy helped to inspire new developments in art and literature. And from that many new beliefs were formed.
The fifteenth and sixteenth century is a period of transition between the Medieval Ages and the Modern Times. This period, called the Renaissance, had manifested itself in Italy. This movement, which would have its repercussion in France, Spain, England, Germany, Switzerland, is characterized by a series of political, economic, social and intellectual changes.