The Trauma That Refugees Experience

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The trauma that refugees experience is a major determinant in their health. Many refugees have experienced great amounts of trauma, which puts them at risk for more health problems. For instance, Wagner et al., (2013) showed that refugees who reported greater trauma symptoms were more likely to report heart disease, hypertension, and lower levels of self-reported health. In addition to exacerbating the physical health problems, trauma was also associated with the following barriers to healthcare: lack of understanding, cost and access problems, and the need for an interpreter. In addition, Wagner et al. (2013) showed that refugee populations who came to the United States 20-30 years ago still exhibited many trauma symptoms. This means that

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