The Treaty of Versailles and The Two Great World Wars

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The Great War, or World War I, was the first modern warfare and the first total war in which almost everyone participated in it, both directly or indirectly. After the war, President Woodrow Wilson hoped that the Great War will be a war to “end all wars”; unfortunately, almost twenty years later, World War II erupted in Europe and the world plunged into an even deadlier war. With the end of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles was drafted to secure peace throughout Europe, but the cruel and unreasonable terms made World War II almost inevitable. In Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to take full responsibility for starting World War I. This accusation was placed falsely upon Germany because World War I was started by the conflicts in Balkan peninsula that were fueled by nationalism and ignited by the assassination of Austria-Hungary’s Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne, in the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo. To the Serbs residing in Sarajevo, the visit from Ferdinand and his wife was completely offensive and highly frowned upon. On June 28, 1914, 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip, a member of Serbian terrorist group Black Hand, shot and killed Ferdinand and his wife. After the news of the assassination reached Austria-Hungary, they turned to Germany for support against the Serbs. With the Triple Alliance in effect, Germany gave Austria-Hungary the “blank check,” in other words, German’s unconditional support. After Austria-Hungary issued the ultimatum to

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