The Underground Railroad

Better Essays

The Underground Railroad was the name of the network that was used by enslaved African Americans. It consisted of very intricate routes that were used so that those moving along its path could lose pursuers traveling under the guise of darkness and staying in safe houses during the day. The goal of the railroad was to get the slaves from the South to the Free states and to Canada where slavery was prohibited. A slave knew that once they crossed the border into any one of the Free states that they were safe from the cruelty of being a slave as long as they were not captured by slave catchers. A reason why the railroad was so successful was because they had allies who were both black and white. One such example is the Quakers, as well as the most astounding former slaves such as Harriet Tubman who was born a slave in Maryland. When she was a teen, an incident caused her to have seizures, severe headaches and narcoleptic episodes for the rest of her life. Sojourner Truth, another pioneer of the Underground Railroad, was born a slave in New York back when it was still a slave state in 1797. She is a famous abolitionist known for her speech, “Ar’n’t I a Woman?” Still another famous Underground Railroad freedom fighter was Anna Murray Douglas who was born free; she is the first wife of Fredrick Douglass, and she helped him escape to freedom by giving him money she had saved. What all these women have in common is that they each made a tremendous contribution to the Underground

Get Access