The Use Of Behavioral Interventions On The Hiv / Aids Epidemic

2614 Words Dec 4th, 2014 11 Pages
Abstract
Gay, bisexual, and other Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) have been stigmatized due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Since its discovery in 1980, biomedical research has been advanced significantly in the fight against the sexually transmitted disease; however, a cure is still yet to be found. Despite that, researchers suggest incorporating behavioral strategies to treat HIV-infected individuals to avoid any continuing transmission of the virus. This paper presents the study of thirty three MSM who participated in a review to test the efficiency of behavioral interventions on individual, group, and community levels expected to reduce high risk behaviors such as unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), substance abuse, and so forth and to lessen infection rates of sexually transmitted disease in gay and bisexual men. However, limitations were enforced in order to collect all relevant data. The evidence found in the study proved that individual-level, group-level, and community-level interventions are effective in reducing unprotected sex and increasing condom use. Incorporating behavioral interventions associated with existing biomedical treatments may strengthen both methods simultaneously.
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Men who have Sex with Men, Unprotected Anal Intercourse, Pre-Exposure Phylaxis, Antiretroviral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

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