Of the many social classes in Ancient Greece, the artisan was not highly respected. Despite the fact that the products of their labor were present in almost every aspect of Ancient Grecian life, the artisan’s role in society was often overlooked. With The Foundry Cup, the artist was able to relate his own work and that of other artisans to the age of heroes by creating a balance between the world of war and the world of craft in his work, and in doing so, elevate the role of the artisan in the eyes of the viewer. The Foundry Cup is a kylix, a cup for drinking wine at a symposium. Symposiums were casual, cheerful parties thrown by the aristocratic men in Ancient Greece. It was to these men the artist was trying to tell a message. The …show more content…
Using this context, a connection between the world of the artisan and the world of war is developed within the Foundry Cup. The Foundry Cup has several layers of meaning and interpretation, all serving the artisan’s goal to the improve the reputation of the artisan class within the eyes of his audience. The first place to examine the artisan’s depiction of his craft and its relationship to war is the center of the bowl. A scene between two gods, Hephaestus and Thetis, the artisan shows Hephaestus giving Thetis the newly crafted armor for her son Achilleus. The juxtaposition of the two gods is one of the most notable elements of the scene. Thetis towers over Hephaestus, holding the armor he has just given to her. While her feminine figure is not exactly imposing in the eyes of the Greeks, it does seem more powerful and mighty in comparison to Hephaestus. She holds a spear in her hand that stands directly in between the two gods, creating a clear and distinct barrier. Holding the armor Thetis appears to be an emblem of war herself, mighty and powerful. Sitting down below her, Hephaestus doesn’t look at all like the powerful god he is. However, despite how the scene may appear at first glance, the artisan gives Hephaestus a lot of power within his portrayal of the god. Hephaestus is the patron god of the artisans; he is portrayed by the artist with this relationship in mind. One of the most well-known features of Hephaestus is his disability. He was born lame,
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Throughout the history of art, the human body and figure has captivated both artisans and their audiences. This can be said especially of the Greeks and their sculptures. Even from the earliest periods, Greeks motivation for the search of the ideal human body can be seen through the sculpture Metropolitan Kouros (c 120-50 BCE), created in the Archaic period and said to be found in Attica, Ancient Greece (Richter 1931, p. 220). However, it is not until High Classical period that they truly achieve their goal with Polykleitos’ The Spear Bearer (c. 120-50 BCE) or the Doryphoros (its Greek name). The sculpture, found in a Palestra in Pompeii, Italy is said to be the epitome of perfection during its period. Although there is exquisite rendering and beauty in both sculptures, there are also a vast number of differences that make each work unique.
The relationship between the individual and society is not just something found throughout human history, but also within the pages of a literature classic. From the first days of settlement in America, to racial tensions and slavery, to the development of capitalism, there has always been a relationship between the individual and society that is reflected in the written pieces of each time, revealing the connection between oneself and the collective spanning across the centuries. ‘The Scarlet Letter’, written in a Puritan world, and ‘Bartleby, The Scrivener’, written in capitalist America, are two key examples of literature that expose, detail and discuss the relationship between society and the individual in American history.
he Harvester’s Vase, a fascinating 3500 year old stone sculpture from the Aegean Bronze Age was a product of cultural interactions between the Minoans and the outside world. The vase is “unprecedented” in ancient art history due in part to the animated facial features and accurate human anatomy, thanks to the Minoans long history in making art and their mercantile economy. While Mycenaeans and Hellenic Greeks are more well-known and studied, Minoans played a huge in part in laying the foundations of Western art. Discovered in ruins of the Hagia Triada on the island of Crete. The Harvester’s vase was created around 1500 to 1450 BC, the vase is unique in that it is one of the few well preserved artifacts of the Minoan Kamares where they have
A norm is a behavior or unspoken rule that society has deemed as normal or acceptable. Those who do not follow the norms of a group may be shunned or looked at as different. The norm I will be violating for my project is asking people that I am unfamiliar with to do something simple for me. It is not common for a stranger to ask another stranger to do something that they are seemingly able to do. This norm acts as a mechanism of social control by keeping people from talking to those who are unfamiliar. It also puts forward the idea that we should be able to do all simple tasks ourselves. To break this norm, I am going to wear tennis shoes with one of the laces untied and ask strangers passing by to tie my shoe for me.
How would you describe your inner mind? crazy? genius? They say that both are two sides of the same side. Through my experiences, I shape the world around me, developing a unique perspective from my worldview. When it comes to how I perceive reality I just summarize it in these six concepts: culture, meaning, self, self-fulfilling prophecy, and scripts, and self-serving bias. My culture defines me down to my very genetic core. It explains why I drive the way I do, how I talk, what is socially acceptable, why I react to things the way I do , why I attend LIU, etc.
The sculpture portrays the God of Harvest, Dionysus, with his loyal satyr follower, Pan. A considerable amount of detail when into the carving of Dionysus; the multiple grapevines in his hair, his ceremonial staff Thyrsus, the goatskins and the cup of wine he’s holding are all symbols of Dionysus. The composition is very asymmetrical, and creates a contrapposto arrangement, which is distinctly Grecian (Gardner). It was carved out of beautiful fine marble, which also had another purpose in the way of making this piece of art last for many years. Along with the tree trunk between the two men providing support at the base, and the elongated arms providing more structural stability. The God’s head is even reinforced by his hair to make sure the head doesn’t break off. This sculpture is visually and aesthetically pleasing, but doesn’t serve a useful function, like textiles or furniture. Therefore, it is considered a figurative piece of art, which art that is very clearly modeled after real object or person(s), and is therefore representational
This Etruscan- Roman piece of art is detailed all around, but also ideal as depictions look influential throughout the generations from the living patrician man holding the lifeless portrait busts of the two very distinct ancestors. The surface of the marble used to carve the male figure, and the portrait heads is very smooth and pale in colour, as the natural agent simulates’ realistic complexion through the veins present within the marble creating a three- dimensional illusion of meticulous naturalistic rendition of the human anatomy engraved with relief detail all around. The function of the portrait sculpture was to have a permanent documentation motivated by the realistic commemoration of one’s ancestors in a religious and ritualistic funeral use of death masks, that would have been cast from the face of the deceased. This became an obvious style of presenting recognizable prestige that conveyed the significance of
The Labors of Herakles are the amazing tasks of the hero, which paints him as the greatest of all Greek Heros. His battle with the Nemean Lion displays his strength, and serves as the start of a fascinating and exciting story of battle, conquest and immortalization. Even the Nemean Lion, immune to arrows and blades, can succumb to the might of the Greek Warrior Herakles, a symbol of the Greek people themselves. In this study, one such depiction of this great fight will be discussed, a Stamnos of Herakles and the Nemean Lion. Additionally the Myth behind this depiction of this heroic battle will be explained and detailed. The Vase has held various owners from Kings to Researchers to its final owner, the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The battle with the Nemean Lion is one of the greatest myths of this Greek Hero, and portray a man taming the inner beast within himself that is raging to be free.
The statue of Kouros by an unknown artist, depicts a Greek young man. He is nude representing the ideal heroic male nude. This work is symbolic because he is the representation of God, warrior, a symbolic ancestor or a victorious athlete. His large eyes were made by getting inspiration from Mesopotamia. From the frontal view, his hands are at sides, fists clenched, and striding feet. The stiff and muscular figure symbolizes that he was ready to go into war for his town, family or country. The eyes are unnaturally wide open, and the mouth forms a characteristic closed expression, also known as archaic smile. Archaic smile makes a piece more expressive. The stiff figure and frontality shows the symbolism of the piece.
Comic book characters represent the best and worst parts of society as seen through the eyes of the writers. Heroes emanate what the writers perceive as the ideal human, someone attractive with a strong moral code and a high tolerance for pain. Villains represent what the writers perceive as problematic, people who are overly ambitious, immoral and represent the “other”, both in appearance and beliefs. These characterisations reflect the views of society’s majority, white men, essentially the creators and controllers of pop culture. Captain America was a hero, the epitome of American Patriotism. He was strong, smart and morally sound and he fought American enemies, the Nazis and communism. Magneto, from the same comic universe as Captain America, was a villain aiming for the eradication of all non-mutants. The interesting thing about his evil acts is that they’re almost justified by his previous experiences with oppression, he’s the comic book representation of a victim fighting back and he’s represented as villainous for that.
The focus of the hydria is the appliqué directly under the vertical handle. The addition of a separate appliqué was a new development Late Classical period where artists would “work the applique in a delicate repoussé technique,” or separately from the body of the hydria. Through this technique, bronze artists began to expand the range of ornamental elements and started “to show more complex mythological scenes that involved one or two human figures, often actively engaged with an object or one another.” The flamboyant style became more popular in various forms of art during this era, and being able to add more detail and dimension to their figures allowed some bronze artists to either pioneer or adopt these techniques. The MFA Eros vase artfully demonstrates these innovations. The main applique depicts two figures, with Eros leaning on a smaller statue of Aphrodite. Eros’ drapery is represented in the flamboyant style, with it dynamically wrapping around his thighs and pooling on top of the Aphrodite statue’s head. His wings are large and sumptuous with comprehensive detailing throughout. Eros’ body is arranged in contrapposto, and the artist skillfully foreshortens his leg to account for his leaning motion. Eros gazes into a mirror and rearranges his hair, delicately picking strands up. On his wrists are two bracelets made of silver, drawing attention to this
“The Universes of Obligation” is described as individuals in a society whose obligations is owned and rules apply, and whose injuries call for amends. In other words a society's Universe of Obligation includes those people who society believes they deserve some kind of respect and whose rights it believe are worthy of protection, But Sometimes the protected people of the Universe of obligation might find themselves out of the Universe of Obligation when circumstances occur.
Explanation of common sense and sociological approaches to the study of Human Societies, with examples.
However new you are to sociology it is probable that you have an idea, however vague and general, regarding what sociology is supposed to be about. It may be that you have an idea that sociology is 'about' people. And you would be right to think so. We might start then by noting that sociology is one of the human sciences and as such it is a subject to be distinguished from the so-called 'physical sciences'. Sociology is the study of humanity.