The Zone Of Proximal Development : A New Approach

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Critically analyse the key concepts that Vygotsky refers to in the extract support you answer with relevant evidence. (1500)
The title of this extract is, The Zone of Proximal Development: A New Approach. This extract discusses Vygotsky’s ideas of what he believes a child goes through within their process of learning, some may say it’s like a cycle which the child learns and develops knowledge and skills. Vygotsky created The Zone of Proximal Development as a theory of how children obtain the ability to process new knowledge and skills and expand on their already existing knowledge. The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) has been defined as the phase between the actual development level of the child and what level they are already at and what has already been determined by independent problem solving and that of the level of potential development that has been determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers (Vygotsky, 1978). Vygotsky (1978) believed that with the ZPD, what a child can do assisted today, they will be able to do independently and unassisted tomorrow, Vygotsky’s way of saying that new information can be learnt through the support of others, this could include adults and peers and that once they have been supported through solving a problem, they will then be able to solve them independently. The ZPD is before the child reaches a stage of learning that is not yet attainable. Before this, however, the child
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