Language Barriers Faced By Immigrants To Canada

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There are multiple barriers that prevent recent immigrants to Canada from accessing mental health services including culture, stigma, and affordability. One of the barriers that prevents immigrants from seeking mental health services is language proficiency (Ohtani, Suzuki, Takeuchi, & Ochida, 2015). Language barriers and their implications on mental health care will be reviewed. Brisset et al. (2013) highlights the importance of dialogue between the health care practitioner and the client receiving care. This inhibits the practitioner’s ability to form a diagnosis, and to collaboratively decide on a course of treatment. Recent immigrants and refugees have a higher likelihood to suffer from psychiatric disorders (Brisset et al, 2013). …show more content…

On PsycINFO, the search criteria included key words: language barriers, and mental health. The inclusion criteria included only peer-reviewed, scholarly articles, date of publication between 2012 to 2017, articles written by Canadian authors, and written in English. There were nineteen results, of which three were chosen for analysis. A total of five articles was chosen for this literature review. Furthermore, the literature used consists of level V and VI of evidence (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2013). This included three peer-reviewed, scholarly articles that were level V evidence, systematic reviews of qualitative studies. Additionally, there were two articles that were level VI evidence, a single qualitative study. A limitation to one of the studies by Ginieniewicz & McKenzie (2014) is that they are focusing on a specific immigrant population, Latin Americans in Canada. Two of the articles, written by Chadwick & Collins (2015) and Lum, Swartz, & Kwan (2016) emphasize the importance of language barriers in primary care, rather than specifically mental health. When discussing the language barriers there was an insufficient amount of detail about the language proficiency and which areas that needed to be met in order to successfully have a conversation between the health care practitioner and the client without confusion. Brisset et al. (2013) is the only article which discusses the different type of

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