Type 2 Diabetes in Youth Essay

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Type 2 Diabetes in children and adolescents is an emerging epidemic within the last 20 years. Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in children and adolescents; about
151,000 people below the age of 20 years have diabetes (CDC, 2009). There has been an increase in the amount of younger people, including teenagers that have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. According to the CDC website, type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents, although still rare, is being diagnosed more frequently, particularly in American Indians, African
Americans, and Latino Americans. Type 2 diabetes is rising in American kids, especially African
Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. Children are at risk if they are overweight or
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American Indian populations; 2.3 per
1000 for Canadian First Nation people from Manitoba. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in people younger than 20 years of age in the U.S. for 2007 was approximately 186,300 people younger than 20 years have diabetes (type 1 or type 2). This represents 0.2 percent of all people in this age. Type 2 diabetes is still rare in children younger than 10 years old but still does occur in this age group.

The most important intervention that nurses can do is to teach parents and children the importance of diet and exercise since studies have shown that being overweight and sedentary lifestyles are linked to the early onset of type 2 diabetes. There are many new programs being advertised for encouragement of exercise and an active lifestyle, such as the NFL movement for an active generation. The American Diabetes Association (2004) holds diabetes camps throughout the country. At these camps, children can learn many different educational topics such as: insulin injection techniques, insulin pump use, blood glucose monitoring, recognition and management of hypo/ hyperglycemia and ketosis, insulin dosage adjustment based on nutrition and activity schedules, sexual activity and preconception issues, carbohydrate counting, diabetes complications, lifestyle issues, especially related to weight control and exercise for
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