U.s. Foreign Policies During The Arab Spring

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Review of U.S. Foreign Policies to Egypt after the Arab Spring
Our initial response to the 2011 revolution was appropriate. You suggested Mubarak to resign and declared U.S. support for the revolutionists. The decision reversed our long-time Middle East policy favoring stability over democracy, but it served our national interest. It forestalled a Syria-style civil war as we dissuaded the Egyptian Army from suppression. Such a war can jeopardize our use of the Suez Canal as a crucial route to deploy our naval forces.
Unfortunately, our subsequent policies only undermined the stability in Egypt and our influence in this area. We have used the International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans to persuade both the SCAF and President Morsi to accelerate their political and economic reform. However, this project was not accepted by the Egyptian leaders who were reluctant to initiate political reforms that may undermine their domestic support and increase their national debt. The delay of IMF aid weakened the Egyptians’ power to stabilize its rickety economy and pacify its poor civilians. Consequently, the Egyptian leaders sought alternative sources of funding from Libya and the Gulf States, which decreased our voice in the politics of Egypt.
When President Morsi was abdicated in the 2013 coup d’état by the military, the U.S. took an ambiguous policy. You condemned the coup and demanded the power to be returned to democratically elected leaders. To materialize your criticism, we

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