Unconscious Rage In Shakespeare's The Tempest

1266 WordsOct 5, 20176 Pages
Hannah Warren English 190 September 27, 2017 Unconscious Rage In William Shakespeare 's final act, The Tempest (1610-11), characters are elaborately foiled together to create an integrated story. A story where the main character Prospero, is foiled so intricately with the wild beast of the land, Caliban. This being not by chance, but by the act of Shakespeare creating a reflection of Prospero’s unconscious self within the story. So, he provides Caliban, a cannibal, one who has been exposed to the chaos of a new world, and only has the instinct to rebel against what has been taken from him. Thus, a perfect foil to a man who once lost so much, only to never again fully gain control of himself. Outwardly nor inwardly, The Tempest is…show more content…
To do so, he keeps Caliban hidden away from the rest of the island so that he does not have to fear him falling out of step, and gaining control of Prospero and Miranda. Ever since coming to the Island, Prospero has mostly hidden behind his magic and knowledge to separate himself from his failure to rule, and from his unconscious self. While he places himself in a position of a true king on the island, a duty he never had before, one where he is controlling himself and others around him. However, while he seemingly has control over everything, he recognizes the very entity that plagues him, “A devil, a born devil, on whose nature/ Nurture can never stick; on whom my pains,/ Humanely taken, all, all lost, quite lost;/ And as with age his body uglier grows,/ So his mind cankers. I will plague them all,/ Even to roaring” (IV.i. 188-93). He is describing the monstrosity that is Caliban who was created from the witch Sycorax, and the devil, thus born to the evil of humanity. Through this Prospero is recognizing the evil that can already be within us naturally as he looks upon Caliban and the evil he sees within himself. Both have a natural state of rage, a rage that eventually allowed Caliban to plot with Stephano and Trinculo later on in the story to kill Prospero. Through discovering this plot, Prospero begins to recognize his own unconscious, as he says, “For he’s a bastard one- had plotted with them/ To take my life. Two

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