Unknown Vs Evil In Frankenstein

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One of the many themes in James Whale’s 1931 film Frankenstein is that of the known vs the unknown or good vs evil. Whale uses the motif of fire as a powerful extension of what the good can do to the darkness. Fire is used as a way to keep the Monster or the evil representation of the film in isolation and outside of the known world and also as a way to show that the known or good will always win against the unknown or evil.
Known vs unknown or good vs evil falls into the category of a knowledge narrative according to Andrew Tudor. Tudor says that “the narrative itself functions by proposing the existence of a body of knowledge capable of mediating between these domains of known and unknown” (83). The first distinct moment where there is realization of the darkness/unknown trying to seep into the world of the light/known is when Henry Frankenstein says that his monster has only been kept in complete darkness and to “wait until [he] brings him into the light” (30:30-30:35). After his speech the Monster walks into the room and Frankenstein closes the light as if to wait for the right moment to bring him into light or the world of the known. When the Monster finally sits down on a chair, Frankenstein opens the window on the roof to reveal the sunlight (32:07). Once the sunlight is revealed to the Monster, it slowly turns his head upwards and walks very slowly and carefully into the light. The Monster with its head and arms raised as if it wants to grab the light and become a

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