Urban Civilization : Causes And Effects Of Urban Pololiticization

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Cities are organized and arranged deliberately in order to shape the future of places and their communities. This formation can greatly contribute to the overall impact and general sense of place. However, these plans, often state, or nationally led, can be cited as attempts to instigate the authoritative power and control over people and places. Therefore, cities and their physical agglomerations have the potential to become highly politicized. During the period of urban development, both in the United States and across the Atlantic in Europe and Asia, the metropolitan landscape was greatly altered. Due to the devastating consequences of World War II, as well as, race-based and ethnic connotations, cities were completely cleared of both form and meaning to be recreated into spaces of idealized thought and actions. This period, spanning the majority of the 20th century, sought to reconfigure physical, social, political, and economic environments.

The path of urban redevelopment and housing across nations emanated from the impact of the Industrial Revolution and the periodical periods of metropolitan mismanagement that subsequently followed. The urban landscape was altered and formed interchangeably to define both in meaning and shape of the metropolitan cities in the 20th century. Housing development, a subsequent factor of post-war destruction and urban renewal, different in shape and form from region to region, however, it precluded similar meanings of reconstructing national identity through the formation of new modern cities, fully separated from its past form. I argue that the failures of urban redevelopment and public housing in the United States greatly attributed to the persisting racial stigmatization and segregation. Meanwhile in Europe and in Asia, while racial stratification was present, the aspiration to demonstrate national scale modernization to a globally vigilant audience motivated its reconstruction.

Pre-WWII | Modernism and Functionalism

Much of the redevelopment and renewal that occurred post WWII appeared in cities that were greatly impacted by the war. However, the movement’s origins can be traced to the period of modernization and functionalism in the early 20th century. In

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