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Essay on Use of Terror in the French Revolution

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In the late 18th century of France, the third estate made up of the lower class of France had been oppressed and overtaxed, and received very little representation at the Estates General. The commoners of France wanted change and equality throughout France so they separated from the Estates General and formed their own government to govern France. A few years later in 1792, Maximilian Robespierre, the radical leader of the Jacobin party and the Committee of Public Safety, took control of France and executed king Louis XVI. Robespierre had a vision of a new France where everyone was equal. In order to reach his goal of completely reconstructing France, Robespierre unleashed a campaign of terror. Terror was used to enforce his…show more content…
In the Estates General, the clergy and the nobility each had there own estate and the rest of the population, 98% of France, shared one vote. Because the Clergy and the Nobility both voted to tax the third estate more at the Estates General, supporting the old government and igniting the revolution, Robespierre’s reign of terror was targeted mostly at the first two Estates. During the reign of terror, Robespierre executed any people suspected of supporting the monarchy or the old form of government. Robespierre and the committee of public safety executed approximately 13,880 French citizens, 5530 or 40% of these citizens came from the nobility, clergy, and middle class, three groups who made up only 6% of the total population. Also, more terror and executions occurred in locations of high internal disturbances. Robespierre’s reign of terror targeted mainly the nobility and the clergy, and responded to riots, or any other internal disturbances that threatened his power. Robespierre began to use his more terror not only as a way to enforce the revolutionary ideas, but as a way to secure his own power by suppressing internal disturbances in france.
Because of his extreme use of terror, Maximillian Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety were removed from power. Robespierre used his the reign of terror as a way
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