Utilitarianism : The Utilitarian Moral Theory Essay

968 WordsJun 16, 20154 Pages
Utilitarianism-Module 5 1. In its general form, what is the utilitarian moral theory? In its general form, the utilitarian moral theory advocates that an action is morally right if it serves the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. 2. What is "hedonism," and what is "hedonistic utilitarianism"? And, what was Epicurus 's view about pleasure? Hedonsim is the principle that suggests that pleasure is the motivator of one’s life and hedonistic utilitarianism is when ethics is determined by how much pleasure or pain is produced from an action. Finally, Epicurus’s view about pleasure suggests that attaining pleasure and avoiding pain is the single standard by which an individual determines happiness and judges his or her actions. 3. What are the four key elements of utilitarianism found in Hutcheson 's writings? The four key elements of utilitarianism found in Hutcheson 's writings include that one must compute the consequences of his or her actions, the standard of moral evaluation is identified as the greatest amount of happiness or pleasure that results for all affected, consequences enter all computation, and what counts as happiness or pleasure. 4. What are Hume 's two contributions to utilitarianism? Hume’s two contributions to utilitarianism include that long-term consequences of actions are as significant as the immediately pleasing consequences of actions and some actions are useful only when followed as a rule. 5. What are the seven criteria of
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