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Vaccines Hesitancy : Factors Influencing Parents ' Decision Regarding Vaccines

Decent Essays
Vaccine 21 (2015) 1304–1309
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Vaccines Hesitancy: Factors influencing parents’ decision regarding vaccines
Bushra Shaikh
A B S T R A C T
The intention to delay or avoid vaccines that are recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices can be described as “vaccine hesitancy.” While outright refusal of all vaccines is uncommon, hesitancy is seen on a regular basis in most primary care offices, resulting in immunization delay and prolonged susceptibility to preventable disease. Vaccine hesitancy also could lead to a resurgence in vaccine-preventable infections. Factors such as social media, past experiences with vaccination services, complementary and alternative medicine, and moral or religious convictions can influence decision-making regarding vaccines. We discuss these factors in detail and suggest interventions to reduce vaccine hesitancy. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

1. Introduction According to the CDC about 2.5 million of the 10.5 million deaths worldwide per year among children (age < 5yrs) are caused by diseases for which vaccines are available [1]. Before the middle of the last century, diseases like whooping cough, polio, measles, haemophilus influenzae, and rubella struck hundreds of thousands of infants, children and adults in the U.S. [1,2]. Thousands died every year from them [1]. As vaccines were developed and became widely used,
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