Viking At Coppergate

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Introduction From the 8th century to the 11th century, the Vikings, used their stronghold in the Scandinavian Peninsula, to exploit westward to Iceland and Greenland, even Canada, southward to mainland Western Europe and southwestward to Britain and Ireland. Tyranny and poor living conditions might be the main reasons for their invasions (Owen 1999 10). There were two invader sources, one was from Norway called ‘Norse’, the other was from Denmark called ‘Danelaw’. At the beginning of the Vikings’ expansion, piracy and trade were the dominant elements, however, after a period of time, they began to settle down in their colonies, such as Britain, France, Ireland and Russia. This essay will be focused on contrasting evidence regarding Viking…show more content…
Along the street, new houses were composed of upright posts rounded by withies as the wall which were at least 6.8 meters long, 4.4 meters wide (Hall 1984, 51). Such structures might not sound strong, but if they were well built, they would be tough enough. In addition, the structure also sounds as though it would be drafty, but probably there were curtains or furs hanging on the wall, or being daubed with the hard soil on outside walls which could keep the room warm and quiet (Hall 1984, 51). Roofs might be made of thatch, turf, or both and due to the appropriate size and the hanging holes, some wooden boards were once thought to be shingles, but later, this assumption was denied because they were identified as part of wooden spades (Hall 1984, 52). The floor of a house was formed by natural earth and as people moved in and out, the soil and all kinds of garbage and debris was scattered on the floor, which led to the ground rising at an average rate of about two centimetres a year (Hall 1984, 53). The continuous rise, natural erosion and the fires due to the inflammable materials required the Vikings to repair their houses frequently and since each repair would be higher than the original part and this height could distinguish the age of housing construction and the repair frequency (Hall 1984, 53). Another most obvious feature was a large number of hearths with the maximum length of 1.8…show more content…
It is supposed that, at the beginning, the Scandinavians established Jorvik as a military base, however, with the archaeological evidence, it was originally planned as a permanent manufacturing and trade centre in which it had administrative, commercial and defensive functions (Hall 1990, 82). York was an ideal settlement where the Vikings, based on the Roman core area, set up a large new street system, although the street plan appeared originally irregular and was defined by a mixture of topographic and inherited historical features (Hall 1990,
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