WWII Allied Forces Looked to Win the War with Operation Market Garden

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Introduction

17 September 1944, Allied forces looking for a means to win the war by the end of the year, launched the biggest air and ground offensive in the history of warfare.1 Allied commanders had to find a way to break through the Siegfried Line. The Siegfried Line was the western defensive line into Germany extending north from the border of Switzerland to the Ruhr area of Germany. Instead of trying to break through the line, they decided to move north through Holland.
21st Army Group included 1st Allied Airborne Army and 2nd British Army. 1st Allied Airborne Army consisting of 82nd Airborne Division, 101st Airborne Division, British 1st Airborne Division, and 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade would be responsible
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Introduction

17 September 1944, Allied forces looking for a means to win the war by the end of the year, launched the biggest air and ground offensive in the history of warfare.1 Allied commanders had to find a way to break through the Siegfried Line. The Siegfried Line was the western defensive line into Germany extending north from the border of Switzerland to the Ruhr area of Germany. Instead of trying to break through the line, they decided to move north through Holland.
21st Army Group included 1st Allied Airborne Army and 2nd British Army. 1st Allied Airborne Army consisting of 82nd Airborne Division, 101st Airborne Division, British 1st Airborne Division, and 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade would be responsible for Operation Market. Operation Market would be the airborne mission tasked with capturing and securing bridges in several locations along the main road to Arnhem. 2nd British Army consisting of VIII, XII, and XXX Corps would be responsible for Operation Garden. Operation Garden would be the ground mission tasked with fighting north along the road to Arnhem, which would come to be known as Hell’s Highway. Combined these two operations were known as Operation Market Garden.

History

Following the success of the Allied campaign in France, the battered and disorganized German forces withdrew through Holland. Allied commanders were desperate to take advantage of this disorganization before the Germans could regroup. Operation Comet