Australians are the second highest producers of waste in the world. Australians generate approximately 43.8 million tonnes of waste, which averages out to 2,080 kilograms of waster per person each year. Australia depends on landfill for waste management. It was found in 2007 that 21.3 million tonnes of rubbish had been disposed into landfill (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010). These numbers are only rising as Australia’s population increases on a daily basis.
Landfill is the disposal of waste materials by burying them; it can sometimes be used s a method of filling in deep pits in the ground. Landfills can be a problem as they can cause the spread of some diseases as they can offer a home for rats and flies, which could carry many different diseases. Landfills can also be a problem as they can emit many various gasses, which can be hazards to people’s health and the environment.
Landfills are made up of 6 different parts. Each of these parts are designed to address issues that may occur in a landfill. These parts include the bottom liner system, which separates trash and subsequent leachate from groundwater. The next part is the cells, which is where the trash is stored within the landfill. The storm water drainage system collects rain water that falls on the landfill. Leachate collection system is the next part which makes the landfill up. This system collects water that has percolated through the landfill itself and contains some contaminating substances. The
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In addition, there exist some environmental risks related to producing landfill. Even though the Australian Federal Government is not offering incentives to repurpose waste, some communities and State and Local governments are offering incentives for this practice. The main purpose of this is to avoid the disposing of waste in landfills, due to the fact that it requires so much time, energy and space, injuring our planet's health (McCabe,
Currently, landfills are responsible for 15 million tonnes of C02 in our atmosphere each year. When garbage decomposes, it creates methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This contributes to greenhouse gasses and damages the ozone layer. Landfills take up space, as well as being dangerous and toxic. Rubbish that ends up in our oceans can cause harm to our marine life and poison our water.
Have you ever wondered where all the trash goes that you throw out? Most of it ends up in landfills, gets burned or ends up on the street. Landfills are the most cost-efficient ways to get rid of trash for places like the United States but at what price. When waste disintegrates in landfills and water passes through the waste, the resulting liquid is called leachate. When leachate run off encounter local rivers and lakes it can contaminate the water and destroy whole eco systems that live in these areas. Landfill gas consists of naturally occurring methane and carbon dioxide, which form inside the landfill as the waste decomposes. As the gases form, pressure builds up inside a landfill, forcing the gases to move. Some of the gases escape through
When garbage or waste materials are tossed into a landfill, people are just asking for nauseating odors and polluted land sites. In Kathy P. Anderson’s article, “THE ENVIRONMENT: Reducing Waste,” she describes that liners are located beneath landfills and when the weather becomes a problem, those liners can leak, allowing leachate to attract to the surface. Saying this, she writes about the quality of environment after a leak: “The leachate then carries pollutants through the soil under the landfill to groundwater and to nearby rivers and lakes. When people or wildlife drink the poisoned water, they can get sick or die” (Anderson). If a liner were to leak, pollutants could be poisonous in the water and be harmful to not only individuals but
Landfills are waste that are packed closely in mounds which are sealed beneath rubber and clay barrier, which is then over a liner that keeps liquids from bursting out. Waste is constantly added to than landfill until it reaches it maximum capacity. Once that happens it is then coved with clay and another plastic cover. Finally, that cover is piled on with numerous feet of
Landfills have many drawbacks to them. Landfills are not the best way to get rid of the waste that the world puts out. Three major harms of landfills are: they can harm the environment and living organisms around that specific, landfills take up space that people could use to make businesses, homes or parks for the kids in the neighborhood, and people throw things away that can easily be recycled.
The breakdown of food waste in landfill releases nutrients, which can migrate out of landfilled waste and into the surrounding environment. Groundwater and waterways will be polluted because of too many nutrients release in landfills. When it is raining, the landfills may leak and the leaking landfills can pollute the underground water by bringing the polluted rain water into the underground.
Landfills are bad for our environment because buildings a regional landfill could also negatively impact the property values of surrounding properties. One more fuat is the risk for groundwater contamination is too great. For my last example is there's already a problem with loose trash on commonly traveled routes to the existing transfer station.
Well they affect the community because when it gets hot and windy the smell from them travel around a small area which affects the value of the properties around. In 1948 a mound of garbage was started on Staten Island it was almost as tall as the Statue of Liberty by 2001 (Lerner). Thats a great deal of garbage since it only took 53 years for all of it to get there and it couldn’t have been light either since the statue of liberty is 450,000 pounds that's roughly 225 tons. Landfills do have a plus side for them though they do employ people. “Tens of thousands of people are employed at scrap yards” (lerner). Even though landfills are very abominable and putrid they still employed an abundance of people who desired jobs and couldn’t find work. To aid in the demand of landfills was the greatest jump in waste that increased a whopping four times more waste from 1960 to 2006 (lerner). This also probably helped with the giant mountain that was formed at Ellis Island from 1946 to 2001. Trading garbage! what has the world come to? Michigan and Canada do some trading to help each other out when Canada wants to get rid of some waste they just call Michigan and say “wanna trade some waste?” and Michigan says “ heck yeah dude” so they trade Canada gives Michigan 10,000 pounds of garbage to Michigan and then Michigan is allowed to export hazardous waste to Ontario’s landfills (Lerner). They have been trading since 2003! thats crazy, but if
The world population is around 7 billion people and every person produces about 4.4 pounds of waste per day. More people will lead to the increase of wastes products and then will increase the risk of environmental issues. Today, the world able to recycle only 30% of waste products. According to Environmental Protection Agency “Approximately 55% of 220 million tons of waste generated each year in the United States ends up in one of the over 3,500 landfills. Municipal solid waste landfills are the second-largest source of human-related methane emissions in the United States, accounting for approximately 22 percent of these emissions in 2008”
Nowadays, Worldwide the solid waste generation is increased and reach up to 1.3 billion tons part year and projected solid waste increase in 2025 will be 2.2 billion tones in Australia Australian Bureau of, 2013). These show the gradually increase the per capita waste generation each year. The solid waste
As explained in the Tajiguas landfill lab, throwing food scraps and yard trimming in the landfill leas to the release of large amounts of methane gas. Simply sorting out yard trimmings into green garbage bins and composting food scraps can significantly reduce the amount of greenhouse gasses created inside of the landfill.
It’s easy to pinpoint the cause of the problem in our local area. According to the fact sheet 54% of waste is municipal, 22% of waste is residual, 10% of waste is from sewage sludge, 11% from construction/demolition, and 2% of waste is from Ash & Asbestos (Landfill Facts). These are interesting numbers that show where the problem comes from directly in my local area. These are all areas that solid waste comes from, and is brought to the landfill. According to Danny, there are 40-50 companies that bring landfill to this area (Hassenplug). Again, 54% of waste comes from cities and towns so that means a majority of the waste is produced by people in the surrounding area of the landfill. Living in America, we’re all very wasteful people simply because it’s America, and we can. Solid waste that is produced and sent to landfills is not a problem specific to