Water In the Middle East: Prospects for Conflict and Cooperation

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Reasons and origins of the conflict for water are dating back in the late 40s and the Arab-Israeli conflict. More precisely, the countries involved that represent potential conflict are Israel and Syria, as well as Israel and Palestine. For example, what can be mentioned here are Israeli aspirations to keep tight control over the economically important areas. This is directly linked to the water issues and diverting the water from one to another region. Other Arab countries are strongly opposing such shift as this will increase Israel’s industrial and agricultural capacities and, consequently, will encourage further Jewish immigration to the country. There have been plans to prevent such discourse, but Israeli`s military strikes have…show more content…
Lebanon, by the way, among those ‘lucky’ ones - where everyone has about 1,400 m3. While the global average - 1700 m3/year. Worth to mention, in everyday life, people naturally do not need half that amount , but these figures are laid as the needs of the agricultural and industrial consumption per capita. Therefore, if water is scarce , there is a deceleration of economic development in the most water-intensive industries and agriculture. Obviously, all this has a negative impact on national security, especially food . But in the late 1990’s each Syrian could count only for 500 m3, Israelis received less than 450 m3 of water, a Jordanian - 180 m3, a Palestinian – even less. Most acute situation in occurred in the Jordan River basin, which geographically includes parts of the territories of Jordan, Israel , Lebanon, Syria and West Bank of the Jordan river . On this small , in fact, literally on the patch of earth for a long time there is an ongoing dispute between these parties about who has and what is a right for the local water. River of southern Lebanon and Israel The largest Lebanese river flowing through the central and southern parts of the country is the Litani . It should be outset that it flows only entirely within Lebanon and flows

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