Water Is Essential For Meeting Human Needs

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INTRODUCTION Michael Garbachev, the ex-president of the Soviet Union and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, once said that ‘water has the power to move millions of people’. Earth has water everywhere on the surface, underground, and above the earth in the air. There is only 2.5 percent of fresh water share in total global water availability and it is only 1.2 percent of all fresh water. Why is water so important? The simple answer is Water is essential for meeting human needs and wants. It is used directly for drinking, sanitation, and food production, and only slightly less directly for economic production across a very broad range of sectors. It is thus a primary basis for sustaining human well-being for generations to come.. Dr. Bhumbla, a…show more content…
 Non-renewable water resources are groundwater bodies (deep aquifers) that have a negligible rate of recharge. WATER RESOURCES IN UTTARAKHAND Uttarakhand is located between 28o43 ' –31o27 ' N latitudes and 77o34 '–81o02 ' E longitudes. Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on 9 November 2000. The population of the state primarily depends on agriculture for livelihood; about 70% of the population is engaged in agriculture. Out of total reported area, only 14.02% is under cultivation. More than 55.0% of the cultivated land in the State is rain fed. The cropping intensity is 160.6%. The landholdings are small and scattered. The average land holding is around 0.68 ha (that too is divided into many patches) in the hills and 1.77 ha in the plains..Uttarakhand is basically a hilly district which has more than 65 percent area fall under the hilly area. In the Uttarakhand there is an old phrase that "Pahad ka Pani Aur Yaha Ki Jawani Kabhi Iske Kaam Nahi Aati Hai" means the youth and the water of hilly area never benefit its region. As we know water has the tendency to flow downward if there is no obstacle in its path. Land degradation is the foremost environmental problem affecting sustainable development worldwide. The mountain watersheds of the north Indian state of Uttarakhand are repositories of rich biodiversity. But over the years these have become highly degraded. Uttarakhand State is well endowed with forest and water
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