Wernicke's Aphasia Disorder Essay

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Wernicke’s Aphasia

Wernicke’s Aphasia
Aphasia can be defined as a disorder that is caused by damage to parts of the brain that are responsible for language (“Aphasia” n.p.). Wernicke’s aphasia is a type of fluent aphasia (with the other type being nonfluent). It is named after Carl Wernicke who described the disorder as “an amnesiac disorder characterized by fluent but disordered speech, with a similar disorder in writing, and impaired understanding of oral speech and reading” (“Wernicke’s” n.p.). Wernicke’s aphasia can also be known as sensory aphasia, fluent aphasia, or receptive aphasia. It is a type of aphasia that is caused by damage to Wernicke’s area in the brain, in the posterior part of the temporal lobe of the
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Because Wernicke’s aphasia is most often brought on by a stroke, this disorder is mostly prevalent in the elderly, however it can be found among children. Men and women are equally affected by Wernicke’s aphasia. About 80,000 people get aphasia each year as a result of strokes, and it is believed that about one million people in the United States currently suffer from aphasia (“aphasia” n.p.).
Wernicke’s aphasia results not in a loss of speech, but in a loss of speech content. Someone with a less severe form of Wernicke’s aphasia may only insert a few incorrect or nonexistent words into their speech, while someone with a severe form may ramble on, using only jargon, meaningless or irrelevant speech with typical intonational patterns. The rate, intonation, articulation, and stress of speech remain normal and unaffected (“Types” n.p.). Comprehension and expression of speech tend to be impaired equally. If one ignores the content, the speech of a patient with Wernicke’s aphasia would seem normal. They speak in long, well-formed sentences, however they contain little to no real meaning (McCaffrey n.p.) Speech often includes verbal, literal, and neologistic paraphasias. Verbal paraphasias include substituting words that can be related to each other, for example, knife for fork. Literal paraphasias include made up words that have similar sounding syllables, for example, bife for knife.
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