What Are Social Determinants Of Health

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“The main determinants of health include the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person's individual characteristics and behaviors” (World Health Organization). As per the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion it is the interrelationships among these factors that determine individual and population health. Determinants of health reach beyond the boundaries of traditional health care and public health sectors; sectors such as education, housing, transportation, agriculture, and environment can be important in improving population health.
Health is also affected by social and community influences, living and working conditions and broad socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions. A clean and safe environment, adequate income, meaningful roles in society, good housing, population-based services and utilities, affordable nutritious food, education and social support within communities all
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Social determinants of health: implications for intervening on racial and ethnic health disparities, 2002)
They reflect the social factors and physical conditions of the environment in which people are born, live, learn, play, work, and age. They impact a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes. Employment and working conditions; People in the high income group are more likely to be healthier than people in the middle income group, who in turn are more likely to be healthier than those in the lower income group. (Federal, Provincial and Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health, Toward a Healthy Future, 1999, Ministry of Public Works and Government Services Canada.)
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