The dosage was to high for the patient because the chart started going over the regular normal level
preventing errors from reaching patients.” (Koczmara, C., Dueck, C., & Jelincic, V., 2006). It is because of this that every effort should be made with regard to implementing effective strategies to reduce the risk of medication errors. The five rights, right route, right
There are many factors that contribute to medication errors resulting in consequences to both patient and nurse. Factors that can contribute to errors include illegible handwritten drug orders, confusing drug names, and the use of nonstandard or unclear abbreviations (Neal, 2006). For the patient, the effect of drug errors can range from no side effects to death. For the nurse who commits a medication error the consequences can range from additional training and supervision to lawsuits and revocation of licensure. Medication errors can occur at any stage in the process of delivering medications to patients, from the originating prescriber to the pharmacy, but the majority of medication errors occur during administration.
Improve the safety of using medications. The findings were that often medication error were made because medications and other solutions were removed from their original
When it comes to medication errors several things may occur such as adverse drug event, unexpected deterioration, and even death in severe cases. AHRQ (2015) states, “an adverse drug event (ADE) is defined as harm experienced by a patient as a result of exposure to a medication, and ADEs account for nearly 700,000 emergency department visits 100,000 hospitalizations each year.” There are many ways that errors may occur such as dispensary errors, prescription errors
Medication errors are focused on: terms and definitions; incidence of and harm; risk factors; avoidance; disclosure, legalities & consequences (Wittich, Burkle & Lanier, 2014). Medication errors categories have been developed by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). Examples of these categories are based on prescribing, omitting drugs not administered, timing, unauthorized drug, wrong dosage, wrong preparation, expired drug, not using laboratory data to monitor toxicity (Wittich, Burkle & Lanier, 2014). Additionally, this article examines in depth common causes leading to medication errors, drug nomenclature, similar sounding drugs, unapproved abbreviations and handwriting, medical staff shortages and manufacturer medication shortages. Even though this article provides an informative overview for physicians, other allied health personnel may benefit too. This is valuable knowledge for the health care professional not just physicians in order to provide safe care for their
Medication errors in the hospital setting have significant potential to result in serious injury and even death, thus effecting patients, families, health care professionals, and hospitals. Approximately 400,000 adverse drug effects (ADE) occur each year (Institute of Medicine, 2006). Considering that not all medication errors are discovered and reported, this number is likely to be underestimated. These errors not only contribute to patient morbidity and mortality, but also cause increased length of stay and hospital expenses. It is estimated by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) that $3.5 billion is spent annually as a result of ADEs (IOM, 2006).
Patient information, drug instruction, communication amongst medical staff member, drug labels, patient literacy and the nurses knowledge of the medication are just to name a few. It only takes one of these aspects to be incorrect for a medication error to harm a patient, causing life changing or even life threating complications. Other circumstances that may contribute to medication errors include fatigue and staffing shortage. Nurses reported that fatigue, stress and understaffing increased the risk of making a medication error. Anderson, (2010). Majority of clinical staff work 12 hours shifts. Due to patient acuity and inadequate staffing, workload and hours many times are increased. sleep deprivation has been shown to be a major factor in medication errors. The diminished hours of sleep effect clarity of thought causing room for errors. Novice nursing has also been a component of many medication errors. Unexperienced nurses are overwhelmed with the increased workload and new responsibilities, which places them in danger of making these dangerous inaccuracies. While rushing to pass meds in a timely manner, critical medication errors reportedly made. Actively adhering to the five rights of medication administration measures while distributing patient medication can inherently cut down on errors made in the nursing
The National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA 2010), defines a drug error as ‘any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate use of patient harm. Although not all drug errors have lead to patient harm it is important to recognise that if a mistakes has been
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) “Too Err is Human” estimated 98,000 deaths yearly due to medical error. Many of the errors are the result of adverse drug events, most of which occur during the prescribing and administration stages of medication administration (Guo, Iribarren, Kapsandoy, Perri, and Staggers, 2011). These errors are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. One report estimates that when all types of errors are accounted for, every hospitalized patient can expect on average one type of medication error per day and during 2006, adverse drug events resulted in approximately 400,000 cases of error at a cost of over $3.5 billion (pp. 202-224). Studies have demonstrated a
Danielle's mistake, if not caught, could have led to the patient overdosing or dying. Even though 10 mg may not seem like a lot, it is enough of a dosage for certain medications. If Danielle mistook 10 mcg for 10 mg, that would have increased the dosage by 1,000, which would be way more than needed and could lead to potential harming the patient. A prescription is written for a specific patient and the dosage needed to treat them, and the smaller dosage prescribed to treat them is also healthier for their body. It is never okay to make a mistake like the one made by Danielle, because you are risking the patient's health and life.
This paper will focus on the role of the nurse, and will identify two serious flaws in the healthcare administration process that leaves patients vulnerable to these medication errors; while also offering research suggested solutions to help prevent many of these errors in the future.
Medication errors are the leading cause of morbidity and preventable death in hospitals (Adams). In fact, approximately 1.5 million Americans are injured each year as a result of medication errors in hospitals (Foote). Not only are medication errors harmful to patients but medication errors are very expensive for hospitals. Medication errors cost America’s health care system 3.5 billion dollars per year (Foote).Errors in medication administration occurs when one of the five rights of medication administration is omitted. The five rights are: a) the right dose, b) the right medication, c) the right patient, d) the right route of administration, and e) the right time of delivery (Adams). Medication administration is an essential part of
Medication error is one of the biggest problems in the healthcare field. Patients are dying due to wrong drug or dosage. Medication error is any preventable incident that leads to inappropriate medication use or harms the patient while the medication is in the control of the health care professional,or patient (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2015). It is estimated about 44,000 inpatients die each year in the United States due to medication errors which were indeed preventable (Mahmood, Chaudhury, Gaumont & Rust, 2012). There are many factors that contribute to medication error. However, the most common that factors are human factors, right patient information, miscommunication of abbreviations, wrong dosage. Healthcare providers do not intend to make medication errors, but they happen anyways. Therefore, nursing should play a tremendous role to reduce medication error
Just as important as conversions, ratios and proportions also play a huge role in the medical field. Nurses use ratios and proportions when giving medication based on their patient’s weight and height. A doctor may give the order 25 mcg/kg/min. If a patient weighs 114 pounds, how many milligrams of medication should he/she be given per hour? To figure this, his/her nurse would begin by changing micrograms into milligrams. If one microgram is equal to 0.001 milligrams, the nurse can find the amount of milligrams in twenty-five micrograms by setting up a