What Is Carbon Capture And Storage Technology?

908 WordsDec 1, 20154 Pages
What is carbon capture and storage technology? [14][1][2][3][11] It is a technology which involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the burning fossil fuels in electricity generation and energy intensive industrial processes, transporting it and geologically storing it to prevent the carbon dioxide from spreading to the atmosphere. Carbon capture technology can recover up to 90% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted [1]. The process of CCS consists of three parts: (Capture, transportation and storage). 1. Capture [18][20][11] It involves separating CO2 from other gases at large industrial process facilities or electricity generation plants. This can be done in three ways: pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture and oxy-fuel combustion. 2. Transporting [15][16][11] The captured emissions than compressed into a fluid and transported using different transportation methods including rail, trucks, ships and pipeline. The transportation of CO2 uses the same technologies as in transporting oil and natural gas and is subject to the same safety and health standards in hydrocarbons transportation. An appropriate transportation method is chosen based on the quantity of the CO2 being transported. Pipeline transportation is the most common transportation method for very large quantities over a large pipeline network around the world. Truck and rail transportation is ideal for transporting small quantities of captured CO2 to a nearby
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