Who Was to Blame for the Cold War? Essay

1625 Words Dec 17th, 1999 7 Pages
Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?


The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it
developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be
argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one's fault, due to
the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the
need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their
differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions
that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin's policy of Soviet
expansion. It is necessary, therefore, to examine the role of Stalin as a
catalyst to the Cold War.

Stalin's foreign policies contributed an enormous amount to the tensions
of the
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The Soviet Union responded
with a statement saying "Poland broders with the Soviet Union, what [sic] cannot
be said of Great Britain or the United States."5

From this point, the Cold War truly becomes a chain reaction. In March
of 1946, Churchill presented his ‘Iron Curtain' speech at Fulton, Missouri, in
response to the spread of communism in eastern Europe. He called for a western
alliance to combat the threat. Stalin's response was hostile: rather than
trying to negotiate a peaceful settlement, Stalin continued to tighten his grip
on eastern Europe. Communist governments were installed in every area of
eastern Europe (barring Czechoslovakia) by the end of 1947. These governments
were implemented by guerrilla tactics: elections were rigged, non-communist
members of the governments were expelled, with many being arrested or executed,
and eventually, Stalin dissolved all non-communist political parties. Stalin
began to implement a reign of terror using the Russian Army and his secret
police force. Moreover, Stalin had increased his influence in the Russian zone
of Germany as if it belonged to Russia. He allowed only the communist party and
drained the area of its vital resources.

The West reacted. It appeared to them that Russia's attitude went
against all of the promises that Stalin had made at Yalta -- namely, that Stalin
would permit free elections in the eastern European states.…