the battle of the Somme, where Britain and France tried to invade Germany, was one of the worst battles in history for a number of reasons. firstly Britain shot 1.6 million shells at Germans with 1400 guns in order to destroy German trench and barbed wire however Germans were well prepared as they were hiding seven feet underground waiting for explosions to stop. Britain and France had no codes as a result germans listened to all the plans made by them and protected themselves on the time of the attack. secondly, On the first day, Germans had 12000 casualties, Britain and France had a total of 64000 casualties. Britain and France lost many men that made it harder for them to attack whereas Germans couldn't afford to lose many men so they
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The British launched The Battle of the Somme to achieve two objectives. The first and most important goal was to relieve pressure on the French Army at Verdun, and the second was to inflict as heavy a loss as possible on the German Armies. The Battle of the Somme had to be fought to save the French Army from the crucifixion of Verdun. The head of the French Army, General Fock, and some leading British commanders did not believe this battle would help, but political masters in London and Paris supported the campaign. For many years The Battle of the Somme received much criticism for the way the battle was fought based on the number of casualties.
Well, to start off with the Battle of Somme was ultimately won by the Germans. This is so because they had the more powerful military. According to documents B and C the Germans won the first day of the Battle. In document C he says “the youth of England bled to death.” Describes machine gunfire. and how “Belt after belt was fired…”. I also think that the German won because the British had started the Battle and whoever starts it usually loses. From the beginning the British did not achieve a breakthrough that penetrated the German lines and, end the war. From my knowledge, the Germans were able to contain the British offensive with locally available reserves, but didn't transfer any troops. Also the British suffered extremely heavy casualties,
Britain had RADAR which gave early warning of the approach of the German planes” (“History Learning Site-Battle of Britain”). One of the biggest advantages for Great Britain was that if they ran out of ammo they could get more, but Germany had to savor the amount they had. Great Britain's forces overpowered the Germans and won the battle.
They also lacked in training, only some of the soldiers had training because they were previously hunters and the count shoot and hide very effectively. Some of the British’s strengths where they had army that was professional trained of 42,000 and King George III hired 30,000 German mercenaries, Hessians, to fight with the British. The British had a lot of supplies, ammunition, weapons, food, gunpowder, and clothing. They also had A LOT more military experience. With all these strengths the British also had weaknesses.
Britain and France desperately awaited the moment when the US would fully join in the fighting in Europe during World War II, and D-Day brought that full fledged involvement. If not for the efforts of the United States of America, its cooperation and planning with its allies, the invasion would not have been successful. It was successful, however, due to previous planning, the level of supplies and men from the US combined with the European allies, as well as the divided German forces. D-Day was the beginning of liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control. Hitler had known that in order for the Allies to be successful, there would have to be an invasion of mainland Europe - which his forces controlled most of - and that it would come from northwestern Europe, with Great Britain being the jumping off point. But if he was expecting the attack, why was he not better prepared? The planning that had gone into the invasion at the beaches of Normandy on the coast of France had been thorough and extensive, with a large part of that planning being the intentional disinformation about the location of the invasion, thus fooling the Nazi leader. These factors explain why Operation Overlord was successful, and thus became the turning point in the world war.
The Battle of the Somme epitomizes the harsh realities of trench warfare for the Allies and represents the negligent battle planning and technological advancements that are associated with the stalemate of World War One. Trench warfare was common across the Western Front, with similar strategies being employed by both opposing sides. Sir Douglas Haig, one of the British coordinators for the Somme offensive is blamed with an offensive strategy destined for failure. The British offensive, an utter failure, resulted in a stalemate, which was common throughout World War One. The British development of the tank, while it eventually ended the horrendous stalemate, was ineffectively used during the Somme.
Wilhelm II: Russia was the sworn enemy of Germany since its forsake. After the Germany was unified by Bismarck at 1870s, it became a monarchy state ruled by emperors like me. Bismarck planed to build a stable alliance in order to counteract the hostile from France and Britain. So that, he decided to form an alliance with Russia , Austro-Hungarian empire and Italy. By a series of treaties, this system finally took shape. But, at 1892, Russia betrayed Germany and form alliance with
After Germany conquered France’s 800,000 man army, they could go after the British. The germans had and issue going after Great Britain, Great Britain’s Army had a great defense system. When Adolf Hitler planned to send a fleet of fighter planes to Britain, the British found out and had a plan to stop them. Great Britain’s plan was to be prepared to fight in the sky. So when the German Luftwaffe came to attack the British Royal Air Force was already there to fight them. It was a struggle for both sides for many months and was the first major battle fought completely in the air. Adolf Hitler’s plan was to win air superiority over Southern Britain by destroying the British Air Force and aircraft industry. (The
The planning of the attack was a long hard thinking process to go through. The Americans used tons of tack ticks to keep it a secret and to sneak up on the Germans. They loaded up almost 160,000 soldiers in 5,000 ships and began to make their way to France early morning on June 6th. They had about 2 million tons of supplies including guns, ammunition and grenades. They also had 11,000 planes, 50,000 Vehicles coming over on ships called LST’s. Then they started to plan where they were going to set up around France to start the attack. They were planning the attack on Germany because they wanted north of France. They were also trying to get the
The Battle of the Somme was fought between July 1st and November 18th, 1916, as part of the Western Front of the First World War. The battle was fought primarily between Britain, France, and their allies, against the German Empire. It was fought near the River Somme in France. The British and French launched a major offensive operation against the Germans, hoping to break their lines and bring an end to the war. The Allies managed to gain some ground, but they were not nearly as successful as they hoped, the war continuing to rage on for another two years. The Somme Offensive was the largest and bloodiest battle on the Western Front of the First World War, involving over three million men, approximately one million of them becoming casualties
Why Britain Won the Battle of Britain After taking France in addition to his list of captured countries on mainland Europe, Adolf Hitler set his sights on Britain. After the success of Blitzkrieg, the evacuation of Dunkirk and the surrender of France, Britain was by herself. However, before Hitler could contemplate undertaking an invasion he was advised by his generals that Germany had to destroy the Fighter Command of the Royal Air Force in order to gain superiority in the air. This would in turn enable him to gain control of the English Channel in order to transfer the 160,000 German troops on the 2000 invasion barges, which had been assembled in German, French and Belgian harbors, over the
The battle of Somme was a signiffcient battle that influenced throughout world war one. This battle is commemorated today to acknowledge the sacrifice and contribution made by Australia solders to outcome of the Great War. The battle of Somme took place near the Somme River in France between July 1st and November 1st 1916.
Prior to the invasion of France there had been 7 months of “Phoney war”; However the French had anticipated the attack and established “The Maginot line” which was a line of defence designed to hold the German army back. Despite this the Battle of France began on the 10th May 1940 when German Army group B subdued Holland and advanced rapidly westwards through