Why Merton 's Anomie And Strain Theories Have Been Regarded As A Valuable Analytical Framework For Studyieng Deviant And

851 WordsMay 27, 20164 Pages
Robert Merton’s anomie and strain theories have been regarded as a valuable analytical framework for studyieng deviant and criminal behaviors (Deflem, 2003). In 1938, Merton first presented his theory, which has become the springboard for plenty of subsequent theoretical discussions. His contributions on social structures and anomie has been frequently quoted and heralded as one of the most important theories in sociology. Although anomie and strain theory can be seen as an undisputed classic, the meaning and the status of his conceptualizations has continued to be debated over the years (Besnard, 1987 cited in Deflem, 2003). Some of the confusion over the limitation of Merton’s theory is about whether these theories can explain crime in contemporary society (Cole, 1975 cited in Deflem, 2003). In this essay, I will argue that Merton’s anomie and strain theories can be applied in contemporary society to a certain extent. It will focus on the cultural values in Australia. Australia is known as a first class country, which ranking the 10th in the World Happiness Report in 2015 (Wright, G 2016). Despite such statistics, increasing crime rate, especially Indigenous offending rate, is an ongoing problem for the whole of Australian agencies. From 1998 to 2007, the increasing rate of non-Indigenous prisoner was 94 percent, while there was an astonishing 266 percent rising in Indigenous prisoner numbers (ABS 2007b, cited in Skinner, 2011). It is stated by SCATSIA (2011, cited in

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