Why Was the Weimar Republic in Germany Able to Survive the Crisis Years Between 1919 and 1923 but Not Those Between 1929 and 1933?

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After the First World War ended in 1918, Germany was in a chaos. Although the Allies offered peace, they demanded a democratic government in Germany. The Kaiser abdicated the throne while Ebert formed the Weimar Republic and established the constitution in 1919. However the establishment of this government was unstable with opposition from both left and right wings. Even more, the German Parliament (Reichstag) relied on the cooperation of the coalitions of governments which resulted in political weakness of this new democratic system because these coalitions often broke up. Yet, the Weimar Republic was still able to survive through these years until 1929 as it was relatively stable before the Wall Street Crash. However, the…show more content…
In addition, Germany lost all the overseas colonies, 10% of its land as well as industries. While Germany was virtually bankrupt after the war, Germany still had a £6.6 billion for reparations to the war. Inflation arose and the Germans suffered. Discontent towards the government increased as Ebert was the one to blame. Germany was even said to be “stab at the back” by Ebert. At this stage, the Weimar Republic was so weak and without the support from its people. However, the Ruhr Crisis happened in 1923 restored some support from the people to the government as the government called off a passive resistance to France’s occupation in the Ruhr. This was one of the reasons that the government was able to survive in these years.
However, the strike in the Ruhr Crisis had heavily affected its industry. The consequence of the strike was inflation. Germany had no goods to trade so it couldn’t repay the debt. Therefore, the government printed more money causing hyperinflation. Poor people suffered but middle classes suffered the most. This is an extremely unstable and hard time for Germany. Then, the new Chancellor Stresemann resolved these problems. He renegotiated the period for the payment of debt and borrowed loans from the US. The Dawes Plan worked successfully and the Germans economy recovered until 1929. In addition, it was a time of political stability,

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