Women And Sexual Reproductive Organs

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Honors 232, Biology in Society, CYOA #10

When one thinks of pregnancy, the initial thought usually follows a process like this: a man and a woman have sexual intercourse, leading to the man’s sperm fertilizing the woman’s egg. The successful union of a sperm and egg cell is the first cell that eventually develops into a baby. After nine months of pregnancy, the woman hopefully gives birth to a healthy child. Developments in biological technology has led to a new, modern kind of conception: in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is defined as the “joining of a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm in a laboratory dish” (In Vitro Fertilization). You may wonder why a woman would consider in vitro fertilization instead of more natural, unassisted conception method. Both men and women in relationships consider IVF as an alternative to help a woman become pregnant when she cannot naturally. Reasons like post-menopausal age in women and damaged sexual reproductive organs and infertility in both men and women can be treated through IVF. While IVF is a highly specialized medical technique that requires expertise and constant monitoring of health and hormone levels, it can be explained in five simple steps. The first step is stimulation, or super-ovulation. This is when women are given medicine that helps with fertility. Normally, a woman only produces one egg per month; fertility drugs cause women to produce several eggs. Once the eggs are produced, the next step is

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