World Hunger And Nutrition

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The phrase “world hunger” and “malnutrition” provoke strong emotions by scientists, researchers, and the general population alike. Rightly so, nutrition is a fundamental human right that must be at the forefront of the global health agenda. While there has previously been an understandable focus on undernutrition in developing countries, recent years have witnessed a paradoxical problem by which obesity is on the rise despite the persistence of undernutrition. Stemming directly from and serving as evidence of the increase in obesity, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and hypertension, are “increasing in epidemic proportion,” account for a significant portion of the global burden of disease, and are predicted to overcome communicable diseases; in fact, the World Health Organization predicts that by 2030, noncommunicable disease will increase to 66% of the disease burden as determined by disability-adjusted life years. (National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, 2017, p. 1). (Mathers, et al., 2004, p. 50).
How can our world come to terms with this discrepancy, whereby countless people still go without sufficient food while many others, within the same region, community, or family, even, are suffering from obesity? A first problem that needs to be addressed lies in how malnutrition is defined; to say that one is malnourished is equivalent to that person not having sufficient nutrients, whether that be because of not receiving

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