because of the fallowing:Chloroplasts (note: in addition to mitochondria) Cell walls Vacuoleswhat can plant cells do that animal cells cannot?

Biology Today and Tomorrow without Physiology (MindTap Course List)
5th Edition
ISBN:9781305117396
Author:Cecie Starr, Christine Evers, Lisa Starr
Publisher:Cecie Starr, Christine Evers, Lisa Starr
Chapter3: Cell Structure
Section: Chapter Questions
Problem 2CT
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because of the fallowing:
Chloroplasts (note: in addition to mitochondria) Cell walls Vacuoles
what can plant cells do that animal cells cannot?

Expert Solution
Step 1

The question asks about the functions of the cell wall, vacuoles, and chloroplasts in a plant cell but absents in animal cells.

Step 2

Chloroplasts are the plastids present in cells of the green plant that comprises of chlorophyll. The photosynthesis takes place in these organelles. It is absent in animal cells.

Function present in a plant cell but absent in animal cell:

Chloroplasts help in the conversion of light energy from the sun into (carbohydrates) sugars which can be used by the plant cells. The phenomenon is known as photosynthesis. It depends on the chlorophyll molecules present in each chloroplast.

Step 3

The cell wall is a rigid layer made up of polysaccharides. It is located outside the plasma membrane of the plant cells, bacteria, and fungi. It is absent in animal cells. In the higher plants and algae, the cell wall is comprised mainly of the cellulose.

Function present in a plant cell but absent in animal cell:

The cell wall is the semi-permeable, protective, and outer layer of a plant cell. The most important function of the cell wall is to provide the cell strength and structure, It is helpful to filter the molecules which can pass inside and outside of the cell.

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