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Describe the levels of biological organization from atoms to the biosphere. Define emergent properties and give examples of properties that emerge at each level.

Question

Describe the levels of biological organization from atoms to the biosphere. Define emergent properties and give examples of properties that emerge at each level.

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Step 1

Biological organization is based on the structural and functional hierarchy of living organisms. Levels of hierarchy range from complex systems to simple components, through a reductionist approach. Hierarchy of life ranges from the biosphere to molecules.

Step 2

Hierarchy of biological organization is organized from atoms to the biosphere as shown below:

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Step 3

Description of the levels of biological organization:

  • Two or more atoms combine together by chemical bonds to form a molecule.
  • Various types of biological molecules are assembled to form a cell organelle, each having a specific function.
  • Different types of cell organelles together form a cell, the basic unit of life.
  • In a multicellular organism, a group of cells forms a tissue.
  • One or more types of tissues, each having a specific function, combine and form an organ.
  • Several organs each with different functions together form an individual organism.
  • A group of similar organisms with a similar set of characteristics form a single species.
  • A group of individuals belonging to the same species and living in a specific area is collectively called as a ...

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