Question

Explain the following mechanisms:

1. list three ways in which action potential can be initiated in neurons.

2.list the major classes of neurotransmitters and give examples of each .

3. list the functions of the hypothalamus and discuss how they relate to homeostatic control.

Expert Answer

Want to see the step-by-step answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.
Tagged in
Science
Biology

Hormonal Regulation

Endocrinology and Reproductive Biology

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: What are the two stages in photosynthesis?

A: Photosynthesis is the process by which plants utilize the photons coming from solar radiation to gen...

Q: What is labelled diagram of Dranunculus medinensis

A: Dracunculus medinensis is also known as Guinea worm which is a nematode that causes dracunculiasis, ...

Q: Most living organisms cannot survive at temperature above 450c.How are some microbes able to live in...

A: Micro-organism are tiny organisms that cannot be seen by the naked eye, but are visible under micros...

Q: A cell stops proliferating when treated with a chemical analog to fucoxanthin. When these cells are ...

A:   Cell proliferation refers to the growth and division of cells. The cell division by which the cell...

Q: Parents = B+ and AB- Given these are b.g. of parents. If they have a child, what blood types he/she ...

A: To determine the blood group of the upcoming generation Karl Landstiener came up with the ABO blood ...

Q: How is gas exchange done in flatworms?

A: Flatworms belong to the kingdom Animalia and posses a very simple level of cellular organization. A ...

Q: What are the three main types of RNA? What is meant by heterogeneous RNA?

A: RNA stands for ribonucleic acid and it is a type of nucleic acid. Some of its important function inc...

Q: What is living. And define its all components in the living world?

A: The living world is the world that is created by the interaction of a living organism with its surro...

Q: Name the spot in the retina where no photoreceptor is present and optic nerve is formed.

A: The eye consists of photoreceptor cells and there are two kinds of photoreceptor cells namely rods a...

Q: A pea plant with yellow round (Y_R_) seeds is crossed with a second pea plant with green wrinkled (y...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: What do you mean by (a) Soredium (b) Soralium and (c ) Isidium?

A: The sporangia are the structures which encloses the spores that are formed. It can be single celled ...

Q: Symptoms of transplant rejections

A: Transplant of organs is a process by which a recipient who has suffered a vital organ loss is suppli...

Q: Name the neurotransmitter that conducts nerve impulse through synapse.

A: Neurotransmitters are signalling molecules that act on receptors of postsynaptic neurons. Neurons ar...

Q: What are the three phasesinto which the HIV infection isoften divided?

A: Viruses depend on the cells for reproduction and metabolic processes. Outside the host cell they rem...

Q: Tim and Jan both have freckles, but their son Michael does not. Show with a Punnett square how this ...

A: Freckles are small brown spots on the skin. Mostly in areas which get sun exposure. In most of the c...

Q: Relationship between decompensation of heart failure and acute renal failure

A: The presence of uncontrolled hypertension and coronary artery disease can result in the progression ...

Q: What is the first reference that should be used when coding a diagnosis?

A: Diagnosis in clinical setup is a two pronged approach where in a clinician analyses a patient on the...

Q: Which chemical element iscentral in the chlorophyllmolecule?

A: Photosynthesis is a process in which the photosynthesis organisms like plants and some bacteria use ...

Q: Prokaryotic mRNA has some unique features compared to eukaryotic mRNA. Which of the following would ...

A: Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)--It encodes for the production of protein.mRNA is produced by a pr...

Q: Robert Bost and Richard Cribbs studied a strain of E. coli (araB14) that possessed a nonsense mutati...

A: Mutations are defined as the change in the sequence of DNA of an organism due to any environmental f...

Q: Explain salient features and classification of monera?

A: The three domains of life are categorized into eukaryotes, eubacteria, and archaea. The eukaryotes c...

Q: The study of Environmental Microbiology showcases the enormous impact of microbes on the environment...

A: Microbes are abundant in the ecosystem and affect the environment that they inhabit. The effect of m...

Q: In the process of asexual reproduction, what is passed from the original cell to its offspring? it...

A: The multicellular organisms can grow and repair themselves. The  organisms produce offspring by the ...

Q: Which of the following is true regarding where mitosis and meiosis occur within multicellular organi...

A: Actively divided cells go to the series of stages referred to as cell cycle. It is divided into four...

Q: Compared to platyhelminthes which physiological problem have the cylindrical body of nematodes broug...

A: Platyhelminthes are flat worms that are unsegmented, acoelomates and have bilateral symmetry. They a...

Q: What are retroviral diseases?

A: HIV/AIDS stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome.  This is an imm...

Q: This pathogen is usuall foodborne and causes a mostly asymptomic disease. The most common foods asso...

A: There are many pathogens which causes infections in the human body. Food borne infections are genera...

Q: Treatment of male and female UTIs

A: A Urinary tract infection develops when microbes enter the urinary tract and cause infection. Bacter...

Q: Name the process in which unwanted mRNA regions are removed & wanted regions are joined.

A: Transcription is a process in which the DNA template is synthesized into mRNA. At the end of transcr...

Q: Does the SCN Control the Circadian Rhythm in Hamsters?

A: Suprachiasmatic nucleus or SCN is bilateral structure. It is the central pacemaker of the CTS (circa...

Q: What drives chemiosmosis?   Question 7 options:   active transport   Non...

A: Chemiosmosis is the process of movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane down their electroch...

Q: Your clinic has 4 specialties (surgery/Interior/pediatrician/Obstetrician and Gynecologist)  descrip...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Explain the nervous sytem present in the cockroaches.

A: Nervous system in cockroach which is an arthropod, consists of various ganglions, commisures or conn...

Q: How the pre-synaptic neuron transmits an impulse (action potential) across the synaptic cleft to the...

A: Neurons are one of the components of the nervous system. The nervous system of an organism is quite ...

Q: discuss the Typical meiosis in a triploid organism

A: Meiosis is a type of process of cell division that takes place in a diploid organism that results in...

Q: What other diseases in this chapter are consideredzoonotic in origin?

A: The diseases in humans that are caused by the non-human pathogen are called zoonosis. These pathogen...

Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of multitest systems for bacterial identification?

A: Multitest system has been developed for the identification of medically crucial microbes. The Entero...

Q: Ribosomes make proteins from amino acids, using mRNA as a template. This is an example of __________...

A: Metabolism is a term that is used to describe all chemical reactions involved in maintaining the liv...

Q: How do you describe Desertification

A: Desertification means degradation of land making it infertile and turns into a desert. This degradat...

Q: Describe how Mendel cross-fertilized and self-fertilized pea plants

A: The pollination of a flower by pollen from the same flower or from another flower on the same plant ...

Q: Explain consanguineous mating?

A: The inheritance patterns for the inheritance of traits are autosomal dominant or recessive, or sex-l...

Q: Acorn woodpeckers (Melanerpes formicivorus) stash acornsin storage holes they drill in trees. When t...

A: Acorn woodpeckers (Melanerpes formicivorus) belong Picidae family. They have characteristic behavior...

Q: ybrid dysgenesis results when a. a male fly with P elements (P+) mates with a female fly that lacks ...

A: Transposable genetic elements also known as transposons are jumping genes. They are called so becaus...

Q: Fill in the blank:  Muscles that help to force out more than the normal volume of air by pulling the...

A:   Muscles are required by respiratory processes such as inhalation and exhalation. Muscle helps the ...

Q: What is the largest gene?

A: The DNA consists of genes that are the functional and physical unit of inheritance. There are some g...

Q: ACE-I are known renoprotective (protect the kidney) Is BB (beta blocker) is renoprotective,, yes or ...

A: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the condition in which the body of an individual cannot pump a suffic...

Q: While most animals cannot tolerate polyploidy, somemollusks, such as oysters, can. Although wild oys...

A: Some mollusks such as oysters tolerate polyploidy. Farmed oysters are triploid while the wild oyster...

Q: Succus entericus is the name given to(i) a junction between ileum and large intestine(ii) intestinal...

A: The digestive system includes the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organ that help in digestion ...

Q: Why is syntrophy also called “interspeciesH2 transfer”? When does syntrophy not involveH2 transfer?

A: A situation in which two dissimilar microorganisms cooperate to degrade a substance that neither can...

Q: Describe a typical vertebra of frog and show how other vertebrae differ from it ?

A: The vertebral column of frog is known for its extreme shortness because of its inflexibility and the...