Question
Asked Mar 15, 2020
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Provide some explanations for why the eukaryotic parasites are so
widespread and successful.

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Expert Answer

Step 1

A parasite is an organism that forms a non-mutual relationship with host in which the parasite gains nutritional benefits from the host organism. They can be classified into microparasite or macroparasite depending on their size. The macroparasites can be visualized with naked eyes. The microparasites cannot be visualized with the naked eye and their examples include viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa.

Step 2

The properties of a successful parasite are given below:

  • They provide some beneficial advantages to the host cell and have the ability to form a symbiotic relationship with the host.
  • It can survive under non-favorable conditions
  • They can evade the host immune system.
  • They possess a broad host range and can infect various species of a particular host.
  • They divide at a rate higher than the host cell to prevent the adaptation of the host.

It has been determined that half of all the eukaryotic population is parasitic. These include helminths, arthropods, protozoa, and fungi. The eukaryotic parasites have complex structures than a p...

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