The most mass of our Milky Way is contained in an inner region close to the core with radius R0. Because the mass outside this inner region is almost constant, the density distribution can be written as following (assume a flat Milky Way with height z0): ρ(r) =  ρ0, r ≤ R0            0, r > R0 (a) Derive an expression for the mass M(r) enclosed within the radius r. (b) Derive the expected rotational velocity of the Milky Way v(r) at a radius r. (c) Astronomical observations indicate that the rotational velocity follows a different behaviour: (formular in the picture below) Draw the expected and observed rotational velocity into the plot below:

Question

The most mass of our Milky Way is contained in an inner region close to the core with radius R0.
Because the mass outside this inner region is almost constant, the density distribution can be
written as following (assume a flat Milky Way with height z0):
ρ(r) =  ρ0, r ≤ R0
           0, r > R0
(a) Derive an expression for the mass M(r) enclosed within the radius r.
(b) Derive the expected rotational velocity of the Milky Way v(r) at a radius r.
(c) Astronomical observations indicate that the rotational velocity follows a different behaviour: (formular in the picture below)

Draw the expected and observed rotational velocity into the plot below:

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